King’s Lynn, originally known as ‘Lin’, is thought to have derived its name from the Celtic word for a lake or pool, and it is recorded that a large tidal lake originally covered this area. Joined Nov 23, 2011 Messages 806 Location Sitting in the sun (between the rain storms) Sep 8, 2019 #1 This was a totally new one on me, a medieval trading network. They travelled to these Wash ports for wool in the 13th century, visiting their annual summer fairs, as did the Lübeckers in 1271. In 1722 the travel writer Daniel Defoe was impressed by the fact that the Wash haven enjoyed “the greatest extent” of inland navigation of any English port outside London and served six counties “wholly” and three “in part” with coal, wine and provisions. Hanseatic warehouse, King's Lynn The last surviving Hanseatic building in England is a brick warehouse on the banks of the Great Ouse in King’s Lynn, on the Norfolk coast. In the Middle Ages, sea trade with Europe was led by the Hanseatic League of ports which played a large role in the development of Kings Lynn. The name Lynn may signify a body of water near the town – the Welsh word llyn means a lake; but the name is plausibly of Anglo-Saxon origin, from lean meaning a tenure in fee or farm. This includes twelve Russian cities, most notably Novgorod, which was a major Russian trade partner of the Hansa in the Middle Ages. Lynn was soon more heavily dependent on the Prussia trade through Danzig than any other English port. The Hanseatic League Warehouse in King’s Lynn is the only surviving League structure in England The harbour was historically along the waterfront on the river. King’s Lynn and the German Hanseatic League. The Hanseatic towns united against England after a major international incident off Denmark in 1468 in which seven English ships were arrested and Lynn men were accused by the Danish King of heinous crimes in Iceland. During this period the German Merchants of this great maritime guild were the dominant political and economic power. Historians generally trace the origins of the League to the rebuilding of the North German town of Lübeck in 1159. Lynn’s hinterland remained the key to its success. This included being exempt from local taxes, on the basis that if the Hanse merchants did not have to pay landing dues at an English port (for example) then they did not charge English traders for landing good in Germany. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Herring, timber, wax, iron and pitch were imported into England via Lynn in Hanseatic ships which sometimes carried grain from the Wash to Flanders. Thread starter Biskit; Start date Sep 8, 2019; Biskit Cat whisperer. When Lynn received its first Royal Charter of borough freedom in 1204, giving its merchants a degree of self-government, it was already the third or fourth largest port in England. German merchants from the Baltic and Hamburg secured trading privileges at Lynn in 1271. By the early 13th century Lynn had become a significant market town and seaport. The modern Hanse works to encourage and increase contact between its member cities, promoting cross border co-operation and making a contribution to the economic, cultural and social life in Europe. Professor Friedland has also referred to Lynn and Boston as destinations for Hanseatic merchants trying to establish themselves in the West. Details of this commercial and diplomatic interaction can be found in the memorandum book belonging to William Asshebourne, Lynn’s town clerk. ( Log Out /  In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed modern Hanseatic League. Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Boston and Hull are currently the only other members from the United Kingdom. There was Bergen (in Norway), London (in England), Bruges (in Belgium) and Novgorod (in Russia). Retired state counselor at Waimano Homes. A sizeable group of German shoemakers were living in Lynn by the1420s for example. Hanse House is the only surviving Hanseatic building in England. The headquarters of the New Hansa is in Lübeck, Germany. Above: A replica ship the ‘Lisa von Lübeck’ sailing on the River Great Ouse during one of the Hanseatic Days held at King’s Lynn. It retains two buildings that were warehouses of the Hanseatic League that were in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. The Hanseatic League was a powerful economic and defensive alliance that left a great cultural and architectural heritage. Wool, skins, cloth and lead were commodities taken back to Danzig and other German harbours. Renaissance Hamburg was the greatest brewing center in the history of beer – 42% of the workforce was involved in brewing. It insisted on a free gift of their former trading posts or steelyards at London and Boston and of a new one at Lynn. Lyran refugees arrived in Hansa space in the late twenty-ninth century as a direct result of Archon Elizabeth Steiner 's Military Disaster Order. Lübeck invited Danzig to take charge of the property, the complex now known as Hanse House. It retains two buildings that were warehouses of the Hanseatic League that were in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. Its connection with the Hanseatic League of the Middle Ages was highlighted in 2004 with the visit of the Kieler Hansekogge; then in 2005 the Borough of King’s Lynn and West Norfolk became a member of the New Hanseatic League – England’s first representative. In 1980, former Hanseatic League members established a "new Hanse" in Zwolle. Peace was negotiated at Utrecht in 1473/74 after several years of sea warfare and the German delegation achieved most of its diplomatic aims. But the town failed to develop any manufacturing industries in the course of the 18th century and, despite the buoyancy of shipbuilding and brewing, its population was only 11000 in 1801. Lynn was in turn a major corn exporter with granaries lining the river. King’s Lynn was one of the English ports that were part of the German Hanseatic League and it is today the only town in England that has a building remaining from the days when the Hanse merchants were living in the town. As the 1085 Domesday Book mentions saltings at Lena (Lynn), an area of partitioned pools may have existed there at the time. Hull also joined and Boston, Lincolnshirewas considering an application in early 2013. In 1537 Bishop’s Lynn became King’s Lynn when the charter of Henry VIII finally dispossessed the Norwich bishops and transferred full political power to the town’s merchants. There appears also to have been an exchange or transfer of sailors and artisans between Wash and Baltic seaports. During the 14th century, the town became England’s most important port. By the early 13th century … Boston and Lynn attracted the German Hanse because their extensive hinterlands offered commercial opportunities and rewards. Population fell from 20,000 to 17,000 in the period of 1851-1871 and economic recovery followed through the building of docks linked to the new national railway network, which sparked the town’s first industrial revolution. The Making of King's Lynn in Records of Social and Economic History. Above: The double-headed eagle was the emblem of the Hanseatic League. Between the 1560’s and 1751 the Hanseatic League leased the building to King’s Lynn merchants and during this time there would have been significant alterations and extensions to the warehouses. Hanseatic League. The modern Hanse works to encourage and increase contact between its member cities, promoting cross border co-operation and making a contribution to the economic, cultural and social life in Europe. German towns certainly dominated the organisation which spread to England, Scandinavia and even as far north as the Russian port of Novgarod. During this era, King's Lynn in the East of England was one of our most important ports for sea trade. Born in Hilo, Hawaii. The old industries of Lynn all but died out by the end of the 20th century. ( Log Out /  They are the only remaining building structures of the Hanseatic League in England. Once the export of wool from England began to fall in the later 14th century, Hanseatic towns tended to link up with particular English ports. Then all Hanseatic towns united against England after a major incident off Denmark in 1468. Once the export of wool from England began to fall in the later 14th century, Hanseatic towns tended to link up with particular English ports. The town attracted traders from the Hanseatic League, a group of German cities whose ships travelled together in convoys for safety, especially against pirates. Each year one of the member cities of the New Hansa hosts the Hanseatic Days of New Timeinternational festival. [86] It was joined by Hull in 2012 and Boston in 2016. Herring, timber, wax, iron and pitch were imported into England via Lynn in Hanseatic ships which sometimes carried grain from the Wash to Flanders. Despite the growth of suburbs and some redevelopment in the 1960s and 1970s, the Old Town of King’s Lynn remains of national significance for its architectural and historic interest. In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed modern Hanseatic League. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Leisure and Entertainment around Downham Market, Discover many of West Norfolk’s finest villages, © Copyright - Visit West Norfolk | Borough Council of King's Lynn & West Norfolk 2019. As their influence increased, the League took shape, and was officially founded in 2891. The current President of the Hanseatic League of New Time is Bernd Saxe, Mayor of Lübeck. KING'S LYNN, ENGLAND - FEBRUARY 05: A man walks past Hanse House, the only surviving "Kontor" or trading post of the Hanseatic League on February 05, 2019 in King's Lynn, England. In 2009 the Borough Council organised the town’s first ever Hanse Festival, which subsequently became an annual Hansa Day celebration for the town. The etymology of King's Lynn is uncertain. The Merchants' Houses and Warehouses of King's Lynn. The Hanse is an active network of towns and cities across Europe, which historically belonged to the association of merchant towns known as the Hanseatic League. They travelled to these Wash ports for wool in the 13th century, visiting their annual summer fairs, as did the Lübeckers in 1271. Background information: The right to maintain their own houses was a critical concession (other alien merchants had to lodge with burgesses). Article in Serial: Pantin, W. A. The original mediaeval Hanseatic League, which comprised a group of towns around the Baltic and the North Sea, was an extremely influential trading association and was very much a part of King’s Lynn’s development and historic past. ( Log Out /  Lynn merchants made Danzig their chief destination from the 1380s and, sure enough, it was ships from Danzig that had already started to visit the Norfolk seaport, though Hamburg and Bremen men traded through Lynn too. The original mediaeval Hanseatic League, which comprised a group of towns around the Baltic and the North Sea, was an extremely influential trading association and was very much a part of King’s Lynn’s development and historic past. Kings Lynn was a Kontor, and the League acquired and developed the site in the late 1470s. Today, the town is still an active port and retains the last remaining Hanseatic warehouse in England. The son of Margery Kempe married a Prussian woman and both travelled to Lynn in 1431, leaving their child in Danzig. By the 16th century the east coast trade in corn and coal, mainly involving London and Newcastle respectively, kept the commercial wheels of this Norfolk seaport turning. They were traders and seafarers so a good name to use. pp 335-6. The Treaty of Utrecht was signed in 1474 and the English King conveyed a quay and tenements in the Norfolk town to the Hanse. The current President of the Hanseatic League of New Time is Bernd Saxe, Mayor of Lübeck. German merchants from the Baltic and Hamburg secured trading privileges at Lynn in 1271 and these were confirmed, after some local disputes, in 1310. King's Lynn is one of the few Hanseatic towns in the UK, during the 14th century The Hanse defensive alliance was set up in Europe, this league included significant seaports & market towns. 1984. This league is open to all former Hanseatic League members and cities that share a Hanseatic Heritage. In 1408 he received a letter from Lynn men in Danzig setting out their ordinances recently drawn up for “their company” there. Lynn’s population doubled between 1801 and 1851 as the market and port expanded with East Anglia playing a leading role in feeding London and the new industrial regions. The League dominated commercial activity in northern Europe from the 13th to the 15th century. The modern Hanseatic League is a mercantile alliance of 29 worlds. What was displaced was the model set by the Hanseatic League. 1964. King’s Lynn was known for centuries for the distinctive granaries and maltings on the riverside, and buildings were often extended and repaired. They are the only remaining building structures of the Hanseatic League in England. Even today, car number plates in Germany, which also carry a code for the town of origin of each vehicle, reflect the historic connections with Hanse towns. Incorporating text from the ‘Medieval Hanseatic League’, by Dr. Paul Richards. The Hanseatic League in London 3 Replies What was founded in the twelfth century and had become known by the thirteenth as the Hanseatic League was essentially an alliance of mercantile guilds in maritime cities bordering the North Sea and Baltic, extending from Edinburgh in Scotland in the west to Novgorod in Russia in the east. It insisted on a free gift of their former trading posts or steelyards at London and Boston and of a new one at Lynn. Lübeckers and other merchants from the East appear to be visiting English ports at the beginning of the 13th century, following traders from Got land, to Lynn, Hull and Boston, then to London. Supporter. An Anglo-Hanseatic Sea War in the southern North … In 2009 the Borough Council organised the town’s first ever Hanse Festival, which subsequently became an annual Hansa Day celebration for the town. The South Quay area of King's Lynn bears testament to the rich merchants who gave the town so many of … He had endowed the Benedictine monks of Norwich Cathedral with the lordship. Why not discover the fascinating Hanseatic history on foot with the Hanseatic Trail, available from the King’s Lynn Tourist Information Centre, or download the trail leaflet. Learn more about the Hanseatic League in this article. The success of the League is often attributed to keeping their transaction costs low. Yet the town grew slowly because it was too remote from the industrial regions; its hinterland remained agricultural when food imports into England from America increased to compete with home farmers. Lübeckers and other merchants from the East appear to have been visiting English ports at the beginning of the 13th century, following traders from Gotland coming to Lynn, Hull and Boston, then to London. King’s Lynn has a seat as Great Britain’s representative on the Hanse Commission, to sit alongside representatives from each of the other member countries.It is hoped that membership of the Hanse (which is free) will help with international networking, raising awareness of King’s Lynn across the member countries and increase overall recognition, both locally and further afield, of this important facet of King’s Lynn’s rich heritage. Though its international trade with the Baltic and south-west France (wine imports were substantial) continued, it was relatively less important than before. The Hanseatic depot at King’s Lynn still stands, one of the branch locations of Hanseatic activity. They came to Lynn with fish, furs, timber, wax and pitch and took away English wool, cloth, corn and salt. The Treaty of Utrecht was signed in 1474 after the Anglo-Hanseatic War between England and the Hanseatic League.. In 2012 the New Hanseatic league had 187 members. The town still has two former Hanseatic League … Lynn had strong links with the Hanseatic League, with merchants from the rest of Europe doing much trade with Lynn and in 1475 a Hanseatic Warehouse was built for them. The League was organised by areas, each with a ‘Kontore’ (Counting House). In 1537 Bishop’s Lynn became King’s Lynn when the charter of Henry VIII finally dispossessed the Norwich bishops and transferred full political power to the town’s merchants. Lübec (in Germany) was the Hanseatic League’s leading city. Lübeck invited Danzig to take charge of the property, the complex now known as Hanse House. This is today the only surviving Hanseatic business headquarters or steelyard in England. Together with Wismar, the … Hanseatic Warehouse in King's Lynn.. Above: The replica ship ‘Lisa von Lübeck’ sailing past King’s Lynn, with the abbey church in the background. New factories began to supply English farmers with machinery, artificial manure and animal feed. King’s Lynn & Its Connection with the Hanseatic League. Today visitors can enjoy a self guided trail of Hanseatic King’s Lynn. Each year one of the member cities of the New Hansa hosts the Hanseatic Days of New Time international festival. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. German trade to Boston was interlocked with the Kontor at Bergen where Lübeckers enjoyed a dominant role; their ships carried fish to the Wash and took away wool, cloth and salt. The Witchfinder General, Matthew Hopkins, was paid £15 #OnThisDay in 1646 for finding 9 witches in King's Lynn, Norfolk! The port today is still busy exporting grain and importing timber. It was here that German merchants had their offices and lodgings, shops and warehouses. Don’t forget to visit King’s Lynn and take part in the yearly celebrations of the international Hanse connection every May, called the International Hanse Day. The Making of King's Lynn: secular buildings from the 11th to the 17th century.. pp 115-118, fig 26. Despite the growth of suburbs and some redevelopment in the 1960s and 1970s, the Old Town of King’s Lynn remains of national significance for its architectural and historic interest. The League was created to protect economic interests and diplomatic privileges in the cities and countries and along the trade routes the merchants visited. http://ieg-ego.eu/en/threads/european-networks/economic-networks/margrit-schulte-beerbuehl-networks-of-the-hanseatic-league, List of Hanse towns: Hanseatic League, organization founded by north German towns and German merchant communities abroad to protect their mutual trading interests. In the 13th century, Kings Lynn was the third most important port in England and part of the Hanseatic league. It was joined by Hull in 2012 and Boston in 2016. The sun shone on King’s Lynn’s Hanse Festival on Sunday. Publication: Dorothy Owen. That Lynn treated independently with the Hanseatic cities in the resolution of disputes or grievances testifies to a not inconsiderable presence. The town now known as King's Lynn was, in medieval times, rather Bishop's Lynn. ( Log Out /  By the early 13th century Lynn had become a significant market town and seaport, having grown rapidly since 1101 when Bishop Losinga of Norwich recognised it as a settlement on his Gaywood estate. Though its international trade with the Baltic and south-west France (wine imports were substantial) continued, it was relatively less important than before. Of the people he accused Thomas Dempster, Cecily Taylor, Thomasine Parker, Dorothy Griffin, Katherine Banks & Emma Godfrey were found not … Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The last meeting (Hansetag) of a very weakened Hanseatic League was held in Europe in 1669, when only six towns had representatives in attendance, compared to more than 70 at its height. In 1980, former Hanseatic League members established a "n… By the 16th century the east coast trade in corn and coal, mainly involving London and Newcastle respectively, kept the commercial wheels of this Norfolk seaport turning. The Hanse is an active network of towns and cities across Europe, which historically belonged to the association of merchant towns known as the Hanseatic League. Previously named Bishop's Lynn, the town came to be known as King's Lynn in the 16th century. In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed new Hanseatic League. Change ), http://ieg-ego.eu/en/threads/european-networks/economic-networks/margrit-schulte-beerbuehl-networks-of-the-hanseatic-league, http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/de_hansa.html. The Hanseatic League was a grouping of states on the southern Baltic coast that is now (east) Germany and Poland. The Hanseatic League (also known as the Hanse or Hansa) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and their market towns that dominated trade along the coast of Northern Europe. The town's past wealth and development is closely associated with maritime trading links. A number of Lynn merchants and their associates seem settled in several Baltic seaports by the early 15th century, particularly in Wismar, Stralsund and Danzig. Unfortunately, Margery’s son died in Lynn and she escorted her daughter-in-law back to Danzig. The Treaty of Utrecht was signed in 1474 and the English King conveyed a quay and tenements in the Norfolk town to the Hanse. Wool, skins, cloth and lead were commodities taken back to Danzig and other German harbours. The seaport town of Lynn grew rapidly through the 1100s and 1200s by strengthening trading ties with other European merchant towns around the Baltic and North Sea. This is today the only surviving Hanseatic business headquarters or steelyard in England. Ships like these were regular visitors to King’s Lynn during the 13 th to 15 th centuries when Lynn was one of the major ports in England and the Hanseatic League of Germany virtually ruled the North Sea and The Baltic. Their Priory Church of St Margaret was, nevertheless, only to be built and rebuilt through the wealth of Lynn’s mercantile community, though the Norwich bishops were determined to retain their grip on the town. In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed new Hanseatic League. Commercial relations between England and the Hanse deteriorated following the seizure of its Bay salt fleet (from south-west France to the Baltic) by English privateers in 1449. It is especially renowned for its Brick Gothic monuments, such as St. Nikolai and the city hall of Stralsund shown here. They had founded a second town and market in the 1140s on the Newland to the north of the first and assumed the lordship of both centres – of Bishop’s Lynn – in 1205. The right to maintain their own houses was a critical concession (other alien merchants had to lodge with burgesses). New Hanseatic League. Peace was negotiated at Utrecht in 1473/74 after several years of sea warfare and the German delegation achieved most of its diplomatic aims. Survived by stepson, Edgar; stepdaughters, Peggy Lynn, Ivalani Franks and Rona Medina; 17 grandchildren; 63 great-grandchildren; 19 great-great-grandchildren; hänai grandson, Kenn Arakawa; sisters, Rebecca Clair Kaleo-Chai and Rose "Loke" Kekuna-Kahiapo. King’s Lynn was Great Britain’s first member of Die Hanse (The Hanse). The "new Hanse" fosters and develops business links, tourism and cultural exchange. Its connection with the Hanseatic League of the Middle Ages was highlighted in 2004 with the visit of the Kieler Hansekogge; then in 2005 the Borough of King’s Lynn and West Norfolk became a member of the New Hanseatic League – England’s first representative. Among them are: ‘HB’ – Hansestadt Bremen; ‘HH’ – Hansestadt Hamburg; and ‘HL’ – Hansestadt Lübeck. Lynn merchants sent cargoes to Prussia in Danzig ships and to Bergen in Lübeck bottoms, but none of them appear to have been resident in Norway or Hanseatic cities until the 1380s. The Norfolk town accepted them as “the fraternity of the German Hanse” (fratres de hansa alemanies in Anglia existentes, Lynn 1302). When Lynn received its first royal charter of borough freedom in 1204, giving its merchants a degree of self-government, it was already the third or fourth port of the Kingdom. Then the coming of the railways in the 1840s robbed Lynn of its geographical advantages as river and coastal traffic gave way to the iron road. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/de_hansa.html. Grievances testifies to a not inconsiderable presence the son of Margery Kempe married a Prussian woman and both to! Their company ” there the late twenty-ninth century as a direct result of Archon Elizabeth Steiner Military. 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