Penny S. Bernard. 1995. In the US, baptisms are usually private and not open in a public beach. Transplantation is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure. Most do not eat meat and abstain from all beef products. In particular, it impacts on gender relations and consequently on how women are treated in society and the home. Inter-religious relations, especially, among African Traditional Religion (ATR) worshippers, Muslims and Christians are becoming sources of social tension and violence. The Igbo religion fully embodies all characteristics of a traditional world religion, including its beliefs, sacred myths, oral qualities, strong appeal to the hearts of its followers, a high degree of ritualization, and possession of numerous participatory parsonages such as officiating elders, kings, priests and diviners. Religion is often depicted as a trigger factor in many conflicts. Whereas in Africa these religions are ordinarily referred to as "African Traditional Religions"; in Asia they are called 'Tribal Religions and Folk Religions', in America 'Native Religions and Afro-American Religions', and in Oceania 'Indigenous Religions'. Before the arrival of Christianity, Islam and the other foreign religions, people were afraid to take other people's wives. 2 E. B. Idowu, African Traditional Religion, S.C.M., 1973, p.87. Especially in Africa, religion has been at the heart of much of the contemporary conflicts. Dynamic and creative exchanges among different religions, including indigenous traditions, Protestant and Catholic Christianity, and Islam, all with developing theologies and institutions, fostered substantial collective religious and cultural identities within African American communities in the United States. London: C. Hurst and Co. Omono, 2012).  Christianity: The impact of Christianity has to be considered, for this has been the most important single factor in the process of Westernization in Africa. These languages have absorbed the Islamic worldview (though at some level languages suc… The differences in the perception of death by individuals and groups runs on different understanding of life itself such as life being seen from the religious perspective, cultural perspective as well as scientific perspective. The African continent experienced its own form of training and learning before it was colonized and even before the arrival of the missionaries. 3. It is common knowledge that the African continent has been hit hardest by the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Kiernan, Jim ‘ The impact of white settlement on African traditional religions’ in Prozesky, Martin and De Gruchy, John . In African thoughts, all living things including man are linked in harmonious relationship … 1, Hutchison, 1913, p.xll. ... Factors affecting demand for children; Initiation was and is still important today and in the traditional African communities in boys from the passage from childhood to adulthood.The shedding of blood onto the ground binds the initiates with the God and the ancestors. The reluctance by men, both young and old, to use condoms is one of the primary catalysts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. African Traditional Religion; Environmental conservation anchored in African cultural heritage by Bakanja Mkenda ; Ecological Implications of Water Spirit Beliefs in Southern Africa: The Need to Protect Knowledge, Nature, and Resource Rights. In a national study of Buddhist monks fast completely on … About one-eighth of the population is Muslim. Ngoma- discourses in healing in central and Southern Africa. African American perception and beliefs about western healthcare professionals is influenced by different factors. Source: www.purdue.edu. African Americans are more likely to rely on the family network, both nuclear and extended, than on outside traditional health and human service community agencies (McAdoo, 1977). The influence of oral traditions on modern writers. The Arabic language has provided abstract concepts, particularly religious ones, that reveal Islamic modes of thought and expression. Today, the countries of Africa contain a wide variety of religious beliefs, and statistics on religious affiliation are difficult to come by. Previous studies have found a number of specific factors that are certainly associated with positive attitudes to organ donation, including education level, socio-economic status and being yo… These religions believe in super natural powers, fetishes, and cults. Social determinants of health are the conditions that we live, learn, work, and play in. Living Faiths in South Africa. While religion, socio-psychological and economic factors play roles in explaining individuals and groups’ perception about finitude, age differentiation also affect the interpretation people give to human demise. In a community in which most women are circumcised, family and 1 THE ROLE OF RELIGION IN AFRICAN CONFLICTS: THE CASES OF NIGERIA AND SUDAN CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION Religion is a controversial issue in world affairs. The main analytical problem involving an understanding of the relation between religion and politics in Africa is the region's astonishing multifariousness of religious beliefs, ethnic divisions, cultural distinctions, and political modes. When Ludwig got to ... Relevance of the religious specialists in the society today. Many Buddhists are vegetarians, though some include fish in their diet. People were afraid to cheat on other people. Understanding the reasons why people do or do not donate can help inform policies to address this undersupply. This places young women at a disadvantage in demanding the use of condoms. Themes in the literary traditions of contemporary Africa are worked out frequently within the strictures laid down by the imported religions Christianity and Islam and within the struggle between traditional and modern, between rural and newly urban, between genders, and between generations. In 92 cases husbands played dominant role in deciding about the size of the family and denying the use of free contraceptives by women. stagnation and often decline of traditional cultural pursuits in the colonies. In the film, people were being baptized at a local beach on the coast. In African Christianity, spiritual healing and herbal medicine play a vital role in the religion. The birth, enlightenment, and death of Buddha are the three most commonly recognized festivals for feasting, resting from work, or fasting. The concern of all maternal health stakeholders is to improve maternal health and reduce maternal deaths to the barest minimum. While interpreting life scientifically may result in preparing for death based on doctor’s report and other scientific evidence, those who see deat… Religion is often used to deny women their fundamental human rights. Mimiko asserts that: The social fabric was completely devastated and a new culture of violence was implanted. Although no two religions hold exactly the same ideology about diet, health, and spiritual wellness , many do embrace similar practices. People believe that upsetting the ancestors produces a disturbance of this order and hence disharmony and illness occur. Implementing Agenda 21 Religion and Conservation in Ghana by Mike Anane. Results and conclusions: The main motivating factors to high TFR were cultural and religious beliefs, like the value of children as carriers of traditions, religion, genetics and also the emphasis on Old Testament in African Christianity. Oral literature encompasses fables, folktales, legends myths and proverbs. While some Africans migrated to America willingly, others came as a result of forced migration from the slave trade. It has supplied Americans of African descent represent many different nationalities, religions, and cultural backgrounds. members of other indigenous religions in Africa, none of these religions actually require it.17 While religious duty is commonly cited as a justifi cation for the practice, it is important to note that FGM is a cultural, not religious, practice. The coexistence of Islam and African traditional religion has cultural and linguistic implications as well. The training systems of Africans such as the traditional schools did exist, but most Ancestral spirit constitutes part of the ordered structure of the African religion. They can include things like your education level, your exposure to violence, the way your community is designed, and if you have access to health care. These conditions can influence the health and well being of you and your community. In traditional African societies, for example, because of the respect shown to elders, it is difficult for young women to reject advances by older men. The people from Europe, America, and Asia cannot be converted to African Religion as it is more removed from their geographical and cultural setting. Religion has an extremely powerful influence over people™s lives. 3 Leo Frobenius, The Voice of Africa, Vol. traditional Africa was the oral literature. 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