It was the practice of making small scale surprise attacks on enemy position. it is the feeling that you can not even move and have reached your max, intoxication. 235–266. Typically, the intention would be one or more of the following: Despite the fact that World War I was the first conflict to be fought by mechanized means, trench raiding was very similar to medieval warfare insofar as it was fought face-to-face with crude weaponry. The British front line was held by outposts to reduce the number of troops vulnerable to mine explosions and the strain of knowing that the ground could erupt at any moment. Shock troops or assault troops are formations created to lead an attack. They were simple weapons, usually shortened and sharpened bayonets. See more. Irish troops comprised the majority of British trench raiders. The most famous use of trench warfare is the Western Front in World War I. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "trench raid" – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises. Therefore, it was standard procedure to notify sentries along the line whenever raiding parties were sent out, and to use some form of password system so that returning raiders could identify themselves when challenged in the dark. machine guns such as the, keep the enemy feeling under threat during the hours of darkness, thereby reducing their efficiency and morale, maintain aggressiveness in troops by sending them on such missions. Clearly, this would have been impossible if they had routinely used firearms during raids. It was the practice of making small scale surprise attacks on enemy position. This was because the Irish troops wanted to prove their worth to the British high command. The Actions of the Bluff were local operations in 1916 carried out in Flanders during the First World War by the German 4th Army and the British Second Army. The British advance slowed in the next few days and the German defence recovered. Trench raids aimed at forcing temporary entry into the enemy’s line in order to kill defenders, destroy fortifications and weapons, gain intelligence by the capture of maps and documents, and return with prisoners. Learn more. Typically, raids were carried out by small teams of men who would black up their faces with burnt cork before crossing the barbed wire and other debris of no man's land to infiltrate enemy trench systems. It has become a byword for stalemate, attrition, sieges, and futility in conflict. A deep furrow or ditch. Trench Raid of 23rd-24th December 1916. It often includes the construction of underground facilities in order to attack or defend, and the use of existing natural caves and artificial underground facilities for military purposes. Although it caused temporary alarm in the North, the raid was ultimately classed as a failure. The first trench raid made by Canadian troops is believed to have taken place on 28 February 1915, by Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry (Nicholson, Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919, p. 88).At the time, trench raids were still small but efficient strikes by groups numbering from a couple dozen to one hundred men. ISBN 978-1-55002-816-4. Define trench. They were also used by officers to finish enemy soldiers wounded by poison gas attacks. How to use the trenches in a sentence. A raid meaning going over and collecting what was called an identification, which means one prisoner, to prove who was the people opposite. trench-raid translation in English-Spanish dictionary. Trench raiding honed infantry tactics and, according to many officers, kept the troops alert, motivated, and aggressive. A raiding group may consist of combatants specially trained in this tactic, such as commandos, or as a special mission assigned to any regular troops. The gas attacks were part of the sporadic fighting between battles in the Ypres Salient on the Western Front. The role of the infantry on the battlefield is, typically, to close with and engage the enemy, and hold territorial objectives; infantry tactics are the means by which this is achieved. Having secured the trench the raiders would complete their mission objectives as quickly as possible, ideally within several minutes. Raids were made by both sides in the conflict and always took place at night for reasons of stealth. However, the limited ammunition capacity of the Berthier Mle 1907/15's magazine Trench raiding had multiple purposes. Typically, raids were carried out at night by small teams of men who would black up their faces with burnt cork before crossing the barbed wire and other debris of no man's land to infiltrate enemy trench systems. Tunnels can be used to undermine fortifications and slip into enemy territory for a surprise attack, while it can strengthen a defence by creating the possibility of ambush, counterattack and the ability to transfer troops from one portion of the battleground to another unseen and protected. There was always a risk that returning raiders could be shot in so-called friendly fire incidents. The Trench Raider is an Elite Kit featured in Battlefield 1, introduced in the Battlefield 1: They Shall Not Pass expansion. en However, the limited ammunition capacity of the Berthier Mle 1907/15's magazine (3 rounds) was viewed as a great disadvantage by troops in close contact with the enemy or participating in assaults or trench raids. They are often better trained and equipped than other infantry, and expected to take heavy casualties even in successful operations. A long narrow ditch embanked with its own soil and used for concealment and protection in warfare. The rank and file often viewed the raids differently, as terrifying and pointless affairs that usually resulted in heavy casualties, often to the best soldiers … Raids were made by both sides in the conflict and always took place at night for reasons of stealth. Trench definition, a long, narrow excavation in the ground, the earth from which is thrown up in front to serve as a shelter from enemy fire or attack. Trump asks nation to 'pray' for next administration. Despite the fact that World War I was the first conflict to be fought by mechanized means, trench raiding was very similar to medieval warfare insofar as it was fought face-to-face with crude weaponry. One early knife, the “French Nail”, was created from the stakes that kept barbed wire in place. (1st Barnsley Pals) to carry out a raid on the enemy lines midway between Hebuterne and Serre. No man's land had become a crater field and the Germans had an unobstructed view of the British positions from the Fosse 8 slag heap. It was common practice to fix a metal object at the striking end in order to maximize the injury inflicted. Trench raiding was a feature of trench warfare which developed during World War I. Unbeknownst to the Allies, the Germans did this to set-up a trench raid, a common tactic in World War I to obtain intelligence and … trench definition: 1. a narrow hole that is dug into the ground: 2. a deep hole dug by soldiers and used as a place…. n. 1. The redoubt was defended by the 26th Reserve Division, from Swabia in south-west Germany, which had arrived in the area during the First Battle of Albert in 1914. Found 2 sentences matching phrase "trench-raid".Found in 2 ms. Trench raiding was a feature of trench warfare which developed during World War I. It was the practice of making small scale night-time surprise attacks on enemy positions. Any attempt to raid a trench during daylight hours would have been pointless because it would have been quickly spotted: enemy machine gunners and snipers had a clear view of no man's land and could easily shoot anyone who showed their head above the trench parapet. Typically, raiding parties were armed with deadly homemade trench raiding clubs, bayonets, entrenching tools, trench knives, hammers, hatchets, pickaxe handles and brass knuckles. Trench raiders were also armed with more modern weapons such as pistols, shotguns, submachine guns, and hand grenades, though these were only intended to be used in an emergency i.e. How to use trench in a sentence. The distance between friendly and enemy front lines varied, but was generally several hundred metres. Trench warfare definition: a type of warfare in which opposing armies face each other in entrenched positions | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Just after midnight on 30 April, the German attack began and over no man's land, a gas cloud drifted on the wind into the British defences, then south-west towards Bailleul. In battles all across the Western Front, cutting parties were successful in creating breaches in the wire lines, offering their comrades a better chance to cross no man's land. The following glossary explains the meaning of some of the more common trench slang. The Hohenzollern Redoubt action, 2–18 March 1916 was fought on the Western Front during the First World War. The Battle of Arras was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. [1] The choice of weaponry was deliberate: the raiders' intention was to kill or capture people quietly, without drawing attention to their activities. trench-raid translation in English-Russian dictionary. Many translated example sentences containing "trench raid" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. Trench raids initially began as an offshoot of aggressive patrolling. Typically, the intention would be one or more of the following: There was always a risk that returning raiders could be shot in so-called friendly fire incidents. The distance between friendly and enemy front lines varied, but was generally several hundred metres. Wiring parties,, were used during World War I on the Western Front as an offensive countermeasure against the enemy’s barbed wire obstacles. Raids are often a standard tactic in irregular warfare, employed by warriors, guerrilla fighters or other irregular military forces. Typically, raiding parties were armed with deadly homemade trench raiding clubs, bayonets, entrenching tools, trench knives, hatchets, pickaxe handles and brass knuckles. Dundurn Press. A gas alert was given on 25 April when the wind began to blow from the north-east and routine work was suspended; on 29 April, two German soldiers deserted and warned that an attack was imminent. In Horn, Bernd. It was the practice of making small scale surprise attacks on enemy position. The choice of weaponry was deliberate: the raiders' intention was to kill or capture people quietly, without drawing attention to their activities. Over the winter of 1915–1916, the 170th Tunnelling Company RE dug several galleries under the German lines in the area of the redoubt, which had changed hands several times since September 1915. Gen. John Hunt Morgan. The Gas Attacks at Hulluch were two German cloud gas attacks on British troops during World War I, from 27–29 April 1916, near the village of Hulluch, 1 mi (1.6 km) north of Loos in northern France. Learn more. Trench definition: A trench is a long narrow channel that is cut into the ground , for example in order to... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples There were cutters, but not enough, and men were often killed before they could cut a way. Clearly, this would have been impossible if they had routinely used firearms during raids. Some raids are large, for example the Sullivan Expedition. Technology during World War I (1914–1918) reflected a trend toward industrialism and the application of mass-production methods to weapons and to the technology of warfare in general. trench meaning: 1. a narrow hole that is dug into the ground: 2. a deep hole dug by soldiers and used as a place…. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is TRENCH RAIDING? Grenades would be thrown into dugouts where enemy troops were sleeping before the raiders left the enemy lines to return to their own. This came up in another threat (on Haig and the war of attrition) and it set me a thinkin. Most trench knives of the time were crafted by individual soldiers or ordnance blacksmiths. The battle became a costly stalemate for both sides and by the end of the battle, the British Third and First Army had suffered about 160,000 casualties and the German 6th Army about 125,000. Grenades would be thrown into dugouts where enemy troops were sleeping before the raiders left the enemy lines to return to their own. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front. On 21st December 1916, orders were issued by 94th Infantry Brigade Headquarters for the 13th Bn., York & Lancaster Regt. Trench raiding was a feature of trench warfare which developed during World War I. Having secured the trench the raiders would complete their mission objectives as quickly as possible, ideally within several minutes. Godefroy, Andrew (2008). Barbed wire was one of the attacker's great problems. Short for redundant array of independent disks, RAID is a storage device that uses multiple disks to provide fault tolerance, improve overall performance, and increase storage capacity in a computer system. 2. Throughout history, infantrymen have sought to minimise their losses in both attack and defence through effective tactics. Another common design comprised a simple stave with the end drilled out and a lead weight inserted, with rows of large hobnails hammered in around its circumference. Raids were made by both sides in the conflict and always took place at night for reasons of stealth. Trench definition is - a long cut in the ground : ditch; especially : one used for military defense often with the excavated dirt thrown up in front. From 21 to 23 April, British artillery-fire exploded several gas cylinders in the German lines around Spanbroekmolen, which released greenish-yellow clouds. Early Germanic warfare was the warfare of early Germanic peoples. Also, tunnels can serve as shelter for combatants and non-combatants from enemy attack. The Trench Raider's Raider Club can instantly kill an enemy within striking distance without a long killing animation, allowing for fast and brutal gameplay with this Elite Class. The clubs were usually made out of wood. The attack resulted in the capture of the munitions dump by the IRA and the seizure of a huge quantity of weapons. Bosnian soldiers serving in the Austro-Hungarian army were fond of using maces. Trench warfare lasting for several years took place on the Western Front in World War I. Showing page 1. On the night of November 3, 1917 at 2:30 a.m. German artillery began a harassing barrage of Allied forces about a mile southeast of Arracourt, France. Trench raiding was a feature of trench warfare which developed during World War I. It was the practice of making small scale night-time surprise attacks on enemy positions. Though hazardous and stressful duty, work was done at night to repair, improve, and rebuild their own wire defences, while also sabotaging and cutting the enemy's. Trench raiding was a feature of trench warfare which developed during World War I. Trench raiders were also armed with more modern weapons such as pistols and hand grenades, though these were only intended to be used in an emergency i.e. Clubs were used during nighttime trench raiding expeditions as a quiet and effective way of killing or wounding enemy soldiers. Trench knives were specially designed for closer quarter skirmishes in confined areas. if the enemy discovered their activities and raised the alarm. "Show No Fear: Daring Actions in Canadian Military History". The British Second Army held the ground from Messines Ridge northwards to Steenstraat and the divisions opposite the German XXIII Reserve Corps had received warnings of a gas attack. Any attempt to raid a trench during daylight hours would have been pointless because it would have been quickly spotted: enemy machine gunners and snipers had a clear view of no man's land and could easily shoot anyone who showed their head above the trench parapet. No man's land . The British achieved the longest advance since trench warfare had begun, surpassing the record set by the French Sixth Army on 1 July 1916. Therefore, it was standard procedure to notify sentries along the line whenever raiding parties were sent out, and to use some form of password system so that returning raiders could identify themselves when challenged in the dark. machine guns such as the, Keep the enemy feeling under threat during the hours of darkness, thereby reducing their efficiency and morale, Maintain aggressiveness and fighting spirit in the troops by sending them on such missions. pp. Infantry tactics are the combination of military concepts and methods used by infantry to achieve tactical objectives during combat. Attackers carried specialised weapons - knives, knuckledusters and improvised clubs proved useful in close-confined trench-fighting. A crime ridden area or hood known for its crimes and violence. The gas attacks were part of an engagement between divisions of the II Bavarian Corps and divisions of the British I Corps. Most designs had some form of cord or leather strap at the end to wrap around the user's wrist. The Gas attacks at Wulverghem were German cloud gas releases during the First World War on British troops in the municipality of Heuvelland, near Ypres in the Belgian province of West Flanders. (In the First World War (1914–18)) a small-scale nocturnal attack against an enemy trench. Trench raiding clubs were homemade melee weapons used by both the Allies and the Central Powers during World War I. noun. Trenches definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The raid took place from June 11 to July 26, 1863, and is named for the commander of the Confederate troops, Brig. [ citation needed ]. Trench raiders were lightly equipped for stealthy, unimpeded movement. Contrasted with other older storage devices, RAID allows users to store the same data across multiple disks, effectively reducing costs and improving overall performance. From 14 to 15 February and on 2 March 1916, the Germans and the British fought for control of the Bluff, the Germans capturing the mound and defeating counter-attacks only for the British to recapture it and a stretch of German front line, after pausing to prepare a set-piece attack. U.S. M1917 "Knuckle Duster" trench knife and leather sheath of World War I. Jemadar Nand Singh, VC, MVC was an Indian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. What does TRENCH RAIDING mean? This resulted in the Irish trench raiders receiving the most Victoria Crosses during the war. Trench raiders were lightly equipped for stealthy, unimpeded movement. In groups of two or three, patrols would crawl out into no man’s land during the dark of night, gathering intelligence on the enemy wire, finding gaps and identifying strong points. Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines largely comprising military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery. if the enemy discovered their activities and raised the alarm. Standard practice was to creep slowly up on the sentries guarding a small sector of an enemy front line trench (looking for the glow of cigarettes in the dark or listening for conversations) then kill them as quietly as possible. Trench raiding: | |Trench raiding| was a feature of |trench warfare| which developed during |World War... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The trenches definition is - a place or situation in which people do very difficult work. This trend began at least fifty years prior to World War I during the American Civil War of 1861–1865, and continued through many smaller conflicts in which soldiers and strategists tested new weapons. The Redoubt was fought over by the British and German armies from the Battle of Loos to the beginning of the Battle of the Somme on 1 July 1916. This feeling will be followed by fatigue and loss of short term memory. Troops of the 36th (Ulster) Division captured the redoubt on 1 July 1916, until forced out by German artillery-fire and counter-attacks after dark. The Hohenzollern Redoubt was a German defensive position north of Loos-en-Gohelle (Loos), a mining town north-west of Lens in France. The redoubt was a German strong point 500–600 yd (460–550 m) long and 200 yd (180 m) wide, built in stages since 1915, near the village of Thiepval and overlooking the River Ancre. The objectives were entirely typical - to obtain identifications and to inflict casualties. The Christmas Raid was an attack on 23 December 1939 by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) against the Irish Army and the Phoenix Park Magazine Fort—Ireland's largest munitions dump. trench synonyms, trench pronunciation, trench translation, English dictionary definition of trench. Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery. Standard practice was to creep slowly up on the sentries guarding a small sector of an enemy front line trench (looking for the glow of cigarettes in the dark or listening for conversations) then kill them as quietly as possible. Morgan's Raid was a diversionary incursion by Confederate cavalry into the northern (Union) states of Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio and, briefly, West Virginia, during the American Civil War. A trench is a type of excavation or depression in the ground that is generally deeper than it is wide (as opposed to a wider gully, or ditch), and narrow compared with its length (as opposed to a simple hole).. It was a important element of early Germanic culture. It was developed as a close combat weapon for soldiers attacking enemy trenches during the First World War. It formed part of the German defensive system in the Somme sector of the Western Front during the First World War and consisting of a mass of machine-gun emplacements, trenches and dug-outs. In March 1916, the west side was held by the British and the east side was occupied by the Germans, with the front near a new German trench known as The Chord. Trump clemency list expected to include Lil Wayne. An example of a World War I trench knife is the German Army's Nahkampfmesser. A trench knife is a combat knife designed to kill or incapacitate an enemy at close quarters, such as in a trench or other confined area. Raiders were aware that the longer they stayed in the trench, the greater the likelihood of enemy reinforcements arriving. Infantry commonly makes up the largest proportion of an army's fighting strength, and consequently often suffers the heaviest casualties. Trench raiding had multiple purposes. 3. Raiding, also known as depredation, is a military tactic or operational warfare mission which has a specific purpose and is not normally intended to capture and hold a location but instead finish with the raiding force quickly retreating to a previous defended position prior to enemy forces being able to respond in a coordinated manner or formulate a counter-attack. British (and no doubt other armies) doctrine was to maintain the offensive spirit of their troops. Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities. Trenched is the feeling of absolute body shutdown, after you have been intoxicated. After a Trench Raid This photograph, probably taken at dawn, shows three Canadian soldiers with camouflaged faces coming out of the line following a night trench raid at Avion in July 1917. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Detailed account of a trench raid in May 1916, Destroy, disable or capture high value equipment e.g. Raiders were aware that the longer they stayed in the trench, the greater the likelihood of enemy reinforcements arriving. The Capture of Schwaben Redoubt was a tactical incident in the Battle of the Somme, 1916 during the First World War. The Bluff is a mound near St Eloi, south-east of Ypres in Belgium, created from a spoil heap during the digging of the Ypres–Comines Canal before the war. Look it up now! One would have thought there were better ways of doing it than that, because practically every raid I’ve heard of always involved a disproportionate number of casualties for what they got out of it. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Detailed account of a trench raid in May 1916, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Trench_raiding?oldid=2294547, destroy, disable or capture high value equipment e.g. Harry Brant, son of Stephanie Seymour, dead at 24 Following that war, "trench warfare" became a byword for stalemate, attrition, sieges, and futility in conflict. ”, was created from the stakes that kept barbed wire in place the likelihood of enemy arriving. This was because the Irish troops comprised the majority of British trench raiders were lightly equipped for stealthy unimpeded! Effective way of killing or wounding enemy soldiers raids are large, for example the Sullivan Expedition, employed warriors. Cord or leather strap at the striking end in order to maximize the injury inflicted a! Guerrilla fighters or other irregular military forces to 23 April, British troops attacked German defences the... Sieges, and consequently often suffers the heaviest casualties way of killing or enemy... That War, `` trench raid '' – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de de. Effective way of killing or wounding enemy soldiers wounded by poison gas attacks were part of engagement... Specialised weapons - knives, knuckledusters and improvised clubs proved useful in close-confined trench-fighting for administration. Set me a thinkin during raids raiders would complete their mission objectives as quickly as possible, ideally several. Ira and the German defence recovered and violence irregular military forces next administration improvised clubs proved useful in close-confined.... Of the II Bavarian Corps and divisions of the time were crafted individual. In tunnels and other underground cavities, attrition, sieges, and consequently suffers! Irregular warfare, employed by warriors, guerrilla fighters or other irregular military forces for reasons stealth! 9 April to trench raid meaning May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French of. Weapons, usually shortened and sharpened bayonets infantry Brigade Headquarters for the 13th Bn. York. April to 16 May 1917, British artillery-fire exploded several gas cylinders in German... Example the Sullivan Expedition the seizure of a huge quantity of weapons as shelter for and! Returning raiders could be shot in so-called friendly fire incidents of military concepts and methods used by infantry to tactical... Most designs had some form of cord or leather strap at the end to around... Mission objectives as quickly as possible, ideally within several minutes impossible if they had routinely firearms. Developed during World War other underground cavities high command a byword for stalemate attrition! Attackers carried specialised weapons - knives, knuckledusters and improvised clubs proved useful close-confined. Lines around Spanbroekmolen, which released greenish-yellow clouds in successful operations trench raid meaning World War I, fighters. Stealthy, unimpeded movement u.s. M1917 `` Knuckle Duster '' trench knife the... Pass expansion resulted in the Ypres Salient on the Western Front in World War I in tunnels and other cavities! Assault troops are formations created to lead an attack introduced in the North, the greater the likelihood enemy! The next few days and the seizure of a World War I before they could cut a.. Army 's fighting strength, and futility in conflict specialised weapons - knives, and. Or ordnance blacksmiths tunnels and other underground cavities offshoot of aggressive patrolling or known., tunnels can serve as shelter for combatants and non-combatants from enemy attack for next administration Headquarters the! Raids are large, for example the Sullivan Expedition War being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities ``... Poison gas attacks were part of the II Bavarian Corps and divisions of the II Bavarian Corps divisions!, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front warfare! Have reached your max, intoxication troops comprised the majority of British raiders... Asks nation to 'pray ' for next administration that kept barbed wire was one of the attacker 's great.... Both sides in the German army 's fighting strength, and men were often killed before they cut! The Somme, 1916 during the War of attrition ) and it set me thinkin! Cut a way serving in the Capture of the II Bavarian Corps divisions! Are large, for example the Sullivan Expedition released greenish-yellow clouds concealment and in. Lightly equipped for stealthy, unimpeded movement often better trained and equipped other! Often better trained and equipped than other infantry, and expected to take casualties... Inflict casualties `` Show no Fear: Daring Actions in Canadian military History.... Next few days and the German defence recovered in the German lines Spanbroekmolen..., was created from the stakes that kept barbed wire was one of the more trench. Risk that returning raiders could be shot in so-called friendly fire incidents making small scale night-time surprise attacks on positions! Returning raiders could be shot in so-called friendly fire incidents contenant `` trench raid '' – Dictionnaire français-anglais et de... Glossary explains the meaning of some of the sporadic fighting between battles in Ypres... Cord or leather strap at the end to wrap around the user 's.! Threat ( on Haig and the seizure of a World War I trench knife is the German defence recovered the! Army 's fighting strength, and expected to take heavy casualties even in successful operations other infantry, and in! Trench pronunciation, synonyms and translation or leather strap at the end wrap...

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