In simplicity, there are two main types of masonry work, veneer and solid masonry. In header bond brick masonry all the bricks are arranged in the header courses as shown in Fig-2. Stretcher: It is brick with its longest side parallel to the face of the masonry work. The various types of bonds generally used in brick masonry are 1. This type of construction is useful for the construction half brick thick partition wall. Types of materials commonly used in Masonry Work: It is obvious to most that the common materials used in masonry work involve bricks and stone. MANUFACTURING OF BRICKS 9. According to Prof. ‘M. Face brick will cost anywhere from six ($6) to a little more than ten ($10.50) per square foot. (b) Diagonal bond. BRICK WORK IN MUD The mud is used to fill up the joints. Frog in brick masonry: A small depression purposely formed on one side of the brick is called a frog.. This bond is best suited for walls which are 2 to 4 brick thick. In a standard brick it is 90 mm × 90 mm face. Type N is a reliable, all purpose mix that’s used in various kinds of masonry work. A header is the shorter face of the brick as seen in the elevation. Cheapest Maximum height of wall is 4 m. 11. The cost of bricks varies and will depend on the type of brick, color, quality, fabricating process as well as any additional costs for labor and installation. Stretcher bond 2. For temporary sheds mud mortar may be used but for all permanent buildings lime or cement mortars are used. Bricks do tend to be more costly than other exterior materials, like vinyl and wood. The frog is made for two purposes: The name of the brick maker may be incised in a frog. This type of masonry includes pasting together materials to the outside of another structure, which provides the base for support. Slowly people started to use lightweight bricks and cement mortar for the construction of buildings for the purpose of construction different types of bonds are followed. Veneer masonry is usually put to use for aesthetic purposes as opposed to creating a sturdy structure. Although type S mortar must have a minimum compressive strength of 1,800 psi, it is often mixed for strengths between 2,300 and 3,000 psi. TYPES OF BRICKS MASONRY Bricks Masonry Brick work in mud Brick work in cement 10. Brick masonry is built with bricks bonded together with mortar. In this article different types of masonry used are explained and points to be observed while supervising masonry works […] Masonry is used for the construction of foundation, plinth, walls and columns. M. Goyal’ (Author of Construction Handbook for Civil Engineers and Architects), masonry is the proper assemblage of masonry units bonded together with mortar. Masonry work dates back to ancient times, so are the masonry tools. What is not so commonly known are the varying characteristics of different types of materials. Mortar is the binding material for the building blocks. This mortar mix has a medium compressive strength. Thickness of the mortar joint is 12 mm. Masonry means construction of buildings using building blocks like stone, bricks, concrete blocks, Tiles etc. Header: It is a brick for masonry work with its largest length at the right angle. Type S is the common choice for many below-grade applications, such as masonry foundations, manholes, retaining walls, and sewers, as well as at-grade projects like brick patios and walkways. Brick Bonds play a huge role in maximizing the strength & durability of the structure, bring in uniformity to the structure and composition, and enhance the visual appeal. This bond is also commonly used for brick pavings. Introduction to Brick masonry. In an ancient period people used to construct buildings with the help of stones and lime mortar shifting of huge stones was a very difficult task for the labor.. Type N has a medium compressive strength of 750 psi and can achieve 28 day strength between 1500 and 2400 psi. This type of bond is best suited for very thick walls usually not less than four bricks thick. At the construction site numerous construction tools can be seen, each having specific purpose. English bond and 4.… Fig-1 Stretcher Bond 2. In this arrangement of brick work, bricks are laid in course inclined at 45° in two directions from the centre. Header Bond. Brick bonds don’t only apply to the walls but also for brick paving for paths and patios and also for concrete blocks and other kinds of masonry construction. Header bond 3. All permanent buildings lime or cement mortars are used a medium compressive strength of 750 psi and can 28! 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