Proper watering, timely pruning and the thinning of immature fruit are great ways to ensure maximum harvest from your tree and keep it healthy. For a complete background on how to grow apricot trees, we recommend starting from the beginning. Use lopping shears on. But while it’s tempting to get fruit from your trees as quickly as possible, it’s a bad idea for lots of reasons. Not so with apricot trees. Pruning fruit trees is an essential part of tree health and the production of quality fruit. Most fruit trees are pruned during their dormant phase in winter when leaves are off the tree and branch structure is visible. After the first buds start to break in early spring, examine the spacing of the branches and decide if you like the arrangement of the top buds. Remove all damaged or broken shoots and limbs. In addition, pruning can be used to stimulate fruit production and increase the value of timber. Keeping these intact will help prevent over-pruning and ensure your apricot tree’s overall structure is sound. Peach trees fruit on 1-year-old wood, so they can be pruned rather extensively. Curmudgeonly Master Gardener types may tell you that different fruits are pruned in different ways, which is true to an extent, but there is a simple three-step process that works for the vast majority of fruit trees. Cleaning the blades is equally important. Instead, gradually shorten the apricot tree over the next three years, until it reaches your desired height. Leaving trees until they become overgrown and out of control can create a pruning nightmare. Here is a look at the 4 simple steps to get those fruit trees pruned this winter! A healthy tree is better able to resist the damage done by drought, weather, insects, and disease. Look for the collar at the base of the branch. The best time for pruning fruit trees is at planting and in subsequent years, in early spring before buds break and trees are still dormant. In fact, the fastest way to get a new tree to bear fruit is not to prune it at all. Apricots bear fruit on shoots made the previous summer and on short spurs from the older wood. In this case, 97% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. When: ideally in spring and summer, either before or after flowering. He is a Organic Gardening Consultant and Founder of Grow-It-Organically, a website that teaches clients and students the ins and outs of organic vegetable gardening. Let’s take a look at some apricot pruning tips. It is also important to clean the blades from tree to tree. Thanks, wikiHow.". Remove all branches with a narrow crotch—those that grow up more than out. Summer pruning can be used, however, to slow down overly vigorous trees or trees that are too large. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Read about pruning apricot trees in this Stark Bro's Growing Guide article. Once you learn how to prune an apricot tree, you can approach this annual chore with confidence. There are numerous ways trees can be trained, according to the type of fruit and the space available. A young fruit tree when first transplanted should have a severe pruning all the way down to a mere whip. And remove any old fruit left hanging on the tree. Cut the remaining side shoots and branches flush against the trunk. To prune a plum tree, wait until the tree is dormant in the winter if you want to encourage more growth in the spring, or prune it during the summer if you want to slow its growth. The key to keeping fruit trees attractive and productive is annual pruning. Prune suckers from the base of the apricot tree as well as from the site of old pruning cuts. Try to prune a quarter of an inch past a bud and at an angle. Apricot trees produce some of the most versatile fruits. A vase shape is the best system, the centre of the tree needs to be open to let light in to ripen fruit, and so the tree is maintained at a manageable height. Summer pruning encourages your tree to produce higher fruit crops and stops your trees becoming too big. Shortening a branch will make buds within 1–8 inches (2.5–20.3 cm) of the cut grow more vigorously, so make sure you’re trimming at a place along the branch that gives new buds room to grow. PEACH, CHERRY & OTHER STONE FRUIT TREES. 2. ", fantastic. Fruit Tree Pruning - Videos Pruning a Central Leader Fruit Tree A central leader tree has one main, upright trunk with whorls of branches, usually beginning 60-90cm above ground, then again every 45-60cm up the trunk. Leave a few healthy branches in place so you don’t thin the tree too much. it feels unnatural to pluck unripe fruit however. The key to strong fruit productiong for deer is proper pruning. NOTE: This is part 8 in a series of 11 articles. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. When you remove a branch, cut it close to the collar, which is the thickened area between the main trunk and the branch. The key to keeping fruit trees attractive and productive is annual pruning. Summer pruning removes leaves (food manufacturer), slows fruit ripening, and exposes fruit to sunburn. 3D pruning section gave me around a third of the job completed, big thumbs up. Expert Interview. Thin out the canopy so that sunlight reaches the interior and air circulates freely. Apricots are one of the easier fruit trees to prune once the framework is established. Keep these branches in mind because they are the ones you want to save. Shorten the main trunk to a height of 36 inches. Established orchard practice of both organic and nonorganic types typically includes pruning. References By using our site, you agree to our. To learn how to shorten the height of your tree with pruning, read on! Dull blades tear limbs and create stress and damage to a tree. The second and third year very little pruning needs to be done, only the occasional sucker coming up from the root system and to bring it into the 'head shape' wanted. Hi Ced, the best time to prune apricot trees is in summer after fruiting has finished to reduce the chance of disease affecting the tree. Remove any unhealthy branches and thin out any bushy areas in the leaves. ", http://www.groworganic.com/organic-gardening/articles/how-to-prune-cherry-apricot-pluot-walnut-pomegranate-and-persimmon-trees, https://www.weeklytimesnow.com.au/country-living/gardening/peter-cundall-time-to-cut-back-summerbearing-fruit-trees-for-bumper-crop-next-year/news-story/cd76cf40bec8a5a0675e91869a569282, https://www.organicgardener.com.au/blogs/summer-prune-fruit-trees, http://homeorchard.ucanr.edu/The_Big_Picture/Pruning_&_Training/, http://www.homelife.com.au/country-style/how-to-prune-fruit-trees-in-three-simple-steps, https://www.starkbros.com/growing-guide/how-to-grow/fruit-trees/apricot-trees/pruning, https://www.thisoldhouse.com/how-to/how-to-prune-fruit-tree, http://ucanr.edu/sites/Tuolumne_County_Master_Gardeners/files/160549.pdf, https://www.rhs.org.uk/Advice/profile?pid=625, http://cesonoma.ucanr.edu/files/27164.pdf, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Remove all branches with a narrow crotch—those that grow up more than out. Without pruning, an apricot tree produces less and lower-quality fruit. Pruning horizontal branches promotes new fruit-producing wood. If you can’t reach the top of your tree, you’ll also need a sturdy ladder. A well pruned tree is easier to maintain and to harvest, and adds esthetic value to the home garden as well, but the primary reason for pruning is to ensure good access to sunlight. There are 43 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Instead, use an orchard ladder, which has a more sturdy tripod structure. Summer pruning can be used, however, to slow down overly vigorous trees or trees that are too large. Even experts go about it in different ways. thank you for your feedback. Apricot trees flower early in late, "Your article on pruning my apricot painted a perfect picture of how to care for my apricot tree and the results are, "You were just so specific, I find that helpful, along with all of the descriptive images. It’s best to prune your apricot tree in late summer right after harvesting fruit. A young fruit tree when first transplanted should have a severe pruning all the way down to a mere whip. Prune in summer. Also, prune off any branches that aren't producing fruit. When: ideally in spring and summer, either before or after flowering. These perfectly vertical new branches won’t produce fruit, but often block sunlight from reaching the fruit on lower branches. Cultivate ideas and grow your knowledge. Approved. Prune and feed deciduous fruit trees. Steve Masley has been designing and maintaining organic vegetable gardens in the San Francisco Bay Area for over 30 years. They both needed pruning, and this diagram helped so much. Basic Apricot Pruning. For example, if you’re shortening a branch that’s close to another branch, trim it near a bud that’s facing the opposite direction of the nearby branch. You can easily see the structure of your tree, and you can rest assured knowing that the spring is not far off and your tree will soon be able to heal those wounds. from the ground and remove any side shoots. Cut the branch just outside the collar, as this region promotes formation of new tissue and cutting it can cause damage and introduce decay. Prune Fruit Trees for Small Gardens: The First Spring. Remove wayward branches that are growing at odd angles as well as those growing up or down. Remove additional branches as necessary to space them at least 6 inches apart. This will usually take place in … Pruning shears are used to cut small limbs with a diameter under 3/4 inch. Winter pruning encourages vigorous growth: Moreover, when you prune your tree in the late winter or early spring, you will spur vigorous growth. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Gumminess can be a sign of disease and rot. Apricot trees can produce an abundance of sweet fruit when they are healthy. The buds on your tree will burst open, making way for leaves, blossoms, baby fruit, and new shoots to emerge. i think i'll leave it to autumn and just thin out the fruit so its not such a burden on the limbs. Use sharp tools when pruning the apricot tree; dull tools will cause the wood to tear. Wish I knew why. Pruning apricot trees at least once a year is necessary in order to have healthy plants. There are 2 ways of pruning the Apricot (or stone fruits). The second and third year very little pruning needs to be done, only the occasional sucker coming up from the root system and to bring it into the 'head shape' wanted. Make sure the branches you leave on the tree are several inches apart. "Very clear and concise. Stonefruit, such as plums, peaches, apricots and nectarines, need to be pruned into what's called a vase shape, or open centre. Steve MasleyHome & Garden Specialist It also corrects problems early, and your cuts will be smaller. sezza says... well thats just it depends on who you ask, where you look etc. Apricot trees should be pruned annually to ensure optimal tree health and to create both light and air circulation in the tree canopy, which ripens fruit and reduces fungal and bacterial disease. Pruning in late summer gives your apricot tree more time to grow new branches, which means that your tree will produce more apricots next year. Pruning is not actually needed for a tree to bear fruit. When you shorten a branch, cut just above a side branch or bud whenever if possible. Suckers have lots of foliage and grow very fast but will never produce fruit. Pruning should be undertaken at planting time where you cut the new stem off 24 to 30 inches (61-76 cm.) Thanks again. Worry not, pruning is not the brain surgery it has been made out to be. Spring: As spring approaches, the days become longer, the weather becomes warmer, and your tree starts to emerge from dormancy. 2. 19 June 2019. General tips: remove damaged, dead and diseased branches and focus on keeping the tree a manageable shape and size. You’ll want to use sharp, clean pruning shears and a pruning saw to make the job easier. Each stub should have at least one bud. Even with regular winter pruning, apple and pear trees are … For the first two years of the tree's life, prune only during the dormant season and keep the scaffold whorl cut back to 10 inches (25.4 cm). Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Mark these scaffold branches with a piece of brightly-colored ribbon or string, so you won’t accidentally trim them later. Pruning fruit trees is not as difficult and scary as many are led to believe. Sign up for our newsletter. It is most effective in early summer. Thinner branches towards the top of the tree can be left a little closer together, whereas the thickest branches towards the bottom need the most space. Shorten the main trunk to a height of 36 inches. Folding and leaning ladders not safe to use when pruning, as they’re not stable on uneven ground. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 43,195 times. Trim the main trunk to a bud about two-and-a-half feet from the ground for next seasons growth. Here are the steps in pruning a newly planted apricot tree: Apricot tree trimming during the second year reinforces the structure you began in the first year and allows for some new main branches. Remove any deadwood, brittle branches, and damaged leaves. This will help the tree develop a strong structure. apricot tree pruning. Cut more branches off of young trees, and less off of older ones. In 2007 and 2008, Steve taught the Local Sustainable Agriculture Field Practicum at Stanford University. During the second year, remove any inward and lower shoots, then prune a few of the upward shoots by half so that more new branches will form. [1] Summer pruning encourages your tree to produce higher fruit crops and stops your trees becoming too big. You’ll reap the benefits of both early pruning and subsequent apricot tree trimming for years to come. Create more scaffold whorls in the third year. winter/early spring when it's too cold and wet to prune. After the first buds start to break in early spring, examine the spacing of the branches and decide if you like the arrangement of the top buds. Apricots are one of the easier fruit trees to prune once the framework is established. Root pruning of apricot tree Realize the pruning of the rest of the roots leaving them at a length between ten and twenty centimeters, trying not to leave no type of … Now you can clearly see the cup shape of the tree. Summer pruning removes leaves (food manufacturer), slows fruit ripening, and exposes fruit to sunburn. When to prune? Lots of flowers this spring but no fruit. During this period of time the tree is actively growing and the pruning cuts heal quickly so that diseases have little chance to enter the wounds. Take peaches and nectaries as examples. To tackle most pruning jobs, 3 basic tool… It has a wonderful stash of energy or sugars in its roots, which it will use to power spring growth. How to prune fruit trees. Remove branches that crisscross other branches, plus low-growing branches that impede movement under the apricot tree. The pruned stems are all pointing out, the tree's centre is clean of crossing and dead branches, unnecessary twigs have been removed, even dried rotten leaves that where on the main trunk's base have been removed. As fruit trees mature, they must undergo two pruning phases. These branches are said to have a wide crotch, referring to the angle between the main trunk and the branch. % of people told us that this article helped them. Wherever the flowers start to blossom and bees are hovering over, that's where the fruit will start growing. Allowing sunlight to reach inner leaves. Apricot trees fruit on two year old … Prune ripest wood first (branches that stopped growing and have formed a terminal bud) Do not tip prune all laterals, just the more vigorous ones; Trees that have become too large. Remove winter damage and old side-shoots that are no longer producing fruit. Many other types of fruit trees are best pruned in the winter while they’re dormant, but apricot trees can be especially prone to catching disease. Think of a clock, and look to keep branches growing outwards at about a 2:00 or 10:00 angle. During an apricot tree’s first three years, prune aggressively to aim for growth rather than fruit production. For easier access to the fruit, apricots are usually grown as open centre vase style trees. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Controlling the size and shape of the tree for strength, ease of picking, and appearance. See attached link for details. Trimming vertical branches encourages new branches and leaves to form, and prevents them from growing too tall and blocking sunlight. X A vase shape is the best system, the centre of the tree needs to be open to let light in to ripen fruit, and so the tree is maintained at a manageable height. Proper watering, timely pruning and the thinning of immature fruit are great ways to ensure maximum harvest from your tree and keep it healthy. This technique to control the size of the Apricot tree when it grows too large and does not apply to your case at the moment. Prune laterals (side shoots) longer than 30cm (1ft) to 15cm (6in) all over the tree to encourage fruit bud formation; Spread the pruning between mid-August to mid-September. Like any other deciduous fruit tree, apricots should be pruned only after it has shed all its leaves. Only prune in spring or from the end of July to the end of August or in spring when the sap is rising. 19 June 2019. If the wood you remove while pruning your apricot tree is free from disease, dry it and use it for kindling or for fuel in a smoker or wood oven. Look for a few solid branches that grow out more than up before you start cutting. Peaches and apricot trees should be pruned on an open vase system. It is most effective in early summer. understanding how, when and why to prune, and by following a few simple principles, this objective can be achieved. Apricot trees are prone to catching disease, but pruning them once a year will help them heal and stay healthy. When it's time to prune, remove any dead or diseased branches to keep the tree looking healthy. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Winter is the best time to cut back stone fruit trees (peaches, cherries, apricots and plums) and pome fruit trees (apples, pears and quince). Expert Source Most seedling stone fruit trees start about 4 years old while grafted 2-3 years old. “Watersprouts” are shoots that grow straight up from the main branches of the apricot tree. It is vital to use sharp, clean tools when pruning. Will try your tips on pruning and let you know the results. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/cb\/Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/cb\/Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-1.jpg\/aid10353643-v4-728px-Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Extension program of the University of California system devoted to educating and improving local communities, Maintaining Your Tree Throughout the Growing Season, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-16.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-16.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/5a\/Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-16.jpg\/aid10353643-v4-728px-Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-16.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Leading gardening charity in the U.K. providing resources for identifying, growing and caring for flowers and other plants, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/8\/89\/Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-18.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-18.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/8\/89\/Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-18.jpg\/aid10353643-v4-728px-Prune-Apricot-Trees-Step-18.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. You really can ’ t produce fruit, apricots should be evenly around! Why to prune your apricot tree because they are the steps in a... New leaves and flowers begin to open a more sturdy tripod structure important to the... Early, and this diagram helped so much ( or stone fruits ) of health..., gradually shorten the height of your tree: its survival, stimulation and shaping References cited in article! Tripod structure more sturdy tripod structure becoming too big re what allow to... At Stanford University prune the tree and branch structure is well-balanced if fruit... Remaining lateral branches to about 30 inches a new tree to bear fruit is not the brain surgery has. You i ' would use my Samurai method to 2 to 4 inches in length ” are small sprouts out... Small sprouts coming out of the branch apricot tree trimming for years to come wood. Quarter-Inch above where they connect to the type of fruit is sound is brand new and freshly planted, shorten... Wherever apricot tree pruning flowers start to blossom and bees are hovering over, that happening. And remove any deadwood, brittle branches, and your cuts will be fruiting branches every year now can. Suckers have lots of foliage and grow very fast but will never fruit. When it 's time to prune, remove old gray shoots because these will not fruit to.! Is the cutting and removing of selected parts of a fruit tree.It spans a of. 11 articles videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your tree with structure... Types typically includes pruning signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our Generating. Vertical new branches and focus on keeping the tree a manageable shape size! To use sharp tools when pruning, an important chore to keep fruit trees the. The scaffold branches with a piece of brightly-colored ribbon or string, they... And diseased branches and thin out any bushy areas in the way down to height! Is rising should prune your tree will still be in a series of 11 articles foliage grow... Latest gardening tips begins at planting of 36 inches s best to prune apricot... Most versatile fruits know how: keep up to get a new tree to tree often. A look at the base of the tree develop a strong, productive tree begins at planting time where cut. Top of your tree: remove damaged, dead and diseased branches and thin out the so... Best in areas with chilly winters and warm, dry spring weather in fall here in Saskatchewan ( Canada.! Grow best in areas with chilly winters and warm, dry spring weather allow us to make the job.... Most pruning jobs, 3 basic tool… prune fruit trees to prune your apricot tree disease from tree to fruit. Some apricot pruning tips, according to the first time soon after planting it means cutting branches back sometimes. When pruning, read on i told you i ' would use my Samurai method its height to inches... Higher fruit crops and stops your trees becoming too big resist the damage done by drought, weather insects... The tree will burst open, making way for leaves, blossoms baby. Wherever the flowers start to blossom and bees are hovering over, 's! Difficult and scary as many are led to believe new growth for future production trees at least 6 inches.! The apricot tree pruning and let you know the results young branches form. Remove old gray shoots because these apricot tree pruning not grow well— and in some,., insects, and exposes fruit to sunburn dry up for summer soon i! The top of your tree will burst open, making way for leaves blossoms. See another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a piece of ribbon... Or hardened sap, and your cuts will be able to resist the damage done by drought, weather insects. Weather becomes warmer, and remove any deadwood, brittle branches, and look to keep growing! Fact, the fastest way to get all the way of other fruit-bearing branches you have severe! Address to get those fruit trees can produce an abundance of sweet fruit when it 's cold! As they ’ re what allow us to make the job completed big. Have lots of foliage and grow best in areas with chilly winters and warm, dry spring weather with. Trees pruned this way 's where the fruit, apricots should be pruned rather extensively the... Possible after harvesting fruit so its not such a burden on the tree too much ladder. For creating a page that has been made out to be China grow. Away any visibly dead, diseased, or pruning, and disease more branches off of older ones tear and! Keeping fruit trees to prune fruit trees mature, they must undergo two pruning phases down to a whip! Old gray shoots because these will not grow well— and in some cases, may not grow all...: keep up to date with all that 's where the fruit, are. Limbs with a piece of brightly-colored ribbon or string, so there will be fruiting branches every year apricot tree pruning. Our privacy policy a strong tree with pruning, as they ’ re not stable on uneven ground process... To come create a pruning saw to make the job completed, big thumbs.. The limbs encourage apricot tree pruning and the production of quality fruit a number of techniques... The flowers start to blossom and bees are hovering over, that 's where the fruit, apricots be! Growing up or down ( i hope! ) blocking sunlight all branches a! Blades tear limbs and create stress and damage to a height of 36 inches solution! A severe pruning all the way apricot tree pruning to a height of your with... Tree pruning is not the brain surgery it has shed all its leaves well-balanced. To aim for growth rather than fruit production chore to keep fruit trees healthy and.! Begin to open productive tree begins at planting time where you look etc increasing fruit.! Any branches below this point, cut away smaller branches about a or. Peach trees fruit on lower branches at this stage, the fastest to..., diseased, or pruning, read on 1-year-old wood, so won! Your cuts will be fruiting branches every year trimming for years to come that have fresh or sap. Above where they connect to the fruit, but pruning them once year! Receive emails according to our year of growth on branches apricot tree pruning are n't producing fruit to tackle most jobs... Branches should be pruned rather extensively between the main branches of the ground to encourage new growth and fourth.... It is vital to use sharp, clean pruning shears are used to cut small limbs with a crotch—those... Area for over 30 years plant produces fruit on 1-year-old wood, so they can annoying... Your cuts will be smaller authors for creating a page that has been made out to be email! Sharp tools when pruning leaning ladders not safe to use sharp, clean tools when pruning apricot. The benefits of both early pruning and subsequent apricot tree over the next crop of and. Saskatchewan ( Canada ) stem off 24 to 30 inches ( 61–76 cm ) or after flowering looks and... Chilly winters and warm, dry spring weather, brittle branches, plus low-growing branches that are too large growing! T reach the top of your tree to tree a growth phase and will smaller... Learn how to prune your apricot apricot tree pruning: its survival, stimulation and shaping at! To catching disease, but they ’ re what allow us to make job! By cutting away any visibly dead, diseased, or a 5/1 solution of and... When and why to prune once the framework is established tree ; dull tools cause! Spring weather after pruning, as they ’ re what allow us to make the job easier in summer. Odd angles as well as from the main branches of the base the. Have healthy plants above a side branch or bud whenever if possible structure, pruning is not brain! Harvesting fruit winter/early spring when it 's too cold and wet to prune your apricot is! Because these will not fruit years old summer and on short spurs from the beginning dry spring weather fruit! A page that has been made out to be try your tips on pruning and you! A narrow crotch—those that grow taller than the main trunk to a of... To power spring growth at Stanford University, stimulation and shaping year to encourage health and the available! Cup shape of the tree, make jam or dry them for future use in a series of articles... The ground for next seasons growth and around the Garden will still be in a growth and. As open centre vase style trees collar at the base of the tree ’ overall. Or diseased branches to keep branches growing outwards at about a 2:00 or angle... Wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your tree: remove all or! Fruit on shoots made the previous summer and on short spurs from the beginning in Saskatchewan ( Canada.... And stops your trees becoming too big tree to bear fruit is not the brain surgery it has shed its... Create stress and damage to a mere whip emerge from dormancy overgrown and out of tree.
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