Extortion.—Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property or valuable security or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits “extortion”. Section 30 of the IPC defines the term ‘valuable security’ as: AGGRAVATED FORMS OF EXTORTION UNDER THE INDIAN PENAL. It should be such so as to overpower the will of the person on whom it is exercised in such a way that the act (the act of delivery) does not remain voluntary, i.e., it affects the free consent of the person put under fear. The document is applicable to ships as well as aircrafts within the Indian seas or the airspace as well. Extortion by putting a person in fear of death or grievous hurt– Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of death or of grievous hurt to that person or to any other. Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc. Extortion by Threat of Accusing a Person of an Offence Punishable With Death or Life Imprisonment What are the Essential Elements of Extortion 3. Property is taken away without the consent of the owner. Section 390 of IPC provides extortion is ‘robbery’ if the offender, at the time of committing the extortion, is in the presence of the person put in fear, and commits the extortion by putting that person in fear of instant death, or instant hurt, or of instant wrongful restraint to that person, or to some other person, and by so putting in fear, induces the person so put in fear then and there to deliver up the thing extorted. 1) Consider the following statements : A) Every promise is an agreement. ‘A’ threatens Z that he will keep Z’s child in wrongful confinement unless Z will sign and deliver to A. Section 384 of the Indian Penal Code reads as under: "Whoever commits extortion shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both." ‘A’ threatens to publish a defamatory libel concerning Z unless Z gives him money. Section 378, 379, 383 and 384 explains fully the definitions and punishment of theft and thus the extortion occupies a middle place between theft and … B signs and delivers such noted. Section 390 in The Indian Penal Code – RobberyIn all robbery, there is either theft or extortion. These study notes are highly recommendable for all those who aspire to crack CLAT, DULLB, AILET and other Law Entrance Exam. In all robbery, there is either theft or extortion. This section says robbery is either theft or extortion. Delivery of property or valuable security by the person put in fear is the essence of the offence of extortion. Extortion. Section 384 IPC contains the penalty for extortion whereas Section 385 of IPC entails the punishment for an attempt to commit extortion. Theft can be committed by one person only. Law Notes for Law students. Section 383: Extortion. Indian penal code, 1860 defines the offence of extortion and it’s punishment in the Section 383 to 389. Illustrations- A has committed extortion. — Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of an accusation against that person or any other, of having committed or attempted to commit any offence punishable with death, or with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, or of … According to Section 384 of the Indian Penal Code, whoever commits extortion shall be punished with imprisonment (either simple or grievous) of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both. EXTORTION UNDER IPC | IPC NOTES FOR LLB PDF |, Definition of extortion under Section 383, IPC, 1860, “Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishon­estly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property or valuable security, or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits extortion.”. When extortion … Extortion – INDIAN PENAL CODE (IPC) 383. study materials for BSL,LLB, LLM, and Various Diploma courses. According to Salmond, in the whole range of legal theory, there is no conception more difficult than that of Possession. ROBBERY UNDER IPC NOTES | IPC NOTES FOR LLB PDF | Sections 386 and 388 provide the aggravated forms of extortion. When theft is robbery.—Theft is “robbery” if, in order to the committing of the theft, or in committing the theft, or in carrying away or attempting to carry away property obtained by the theft, the offender, for that end, voluntarily causes or attempts to cause to any person death or hurt or wrongful restraint, or fear of instant death or of instant hurt, or of instant wrongful restraint. Section 388: Extortion by threat of accusation of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, etc. The SEC 384 of IPC states that the act of Extortion is punishable by imprisonment for a term of three years or more depending upon the type of extortion or by paying a substantial fine or by both. Extortion in Fear of Death or Grievous Hurt 5. Prolawctor Daily Current Affairs Insights | 17 January, 2021, Prolawctor Daily Current Affairs Insights | 16 January 2021, Revocation of Proposal and Offer| Free law notes, Prolawctor Daily Current Affairs Insights | 15 January, 2021, Internet And Mobile Association vs Reserve Bank Of India on 4 March, 2020, Prolawctor Daily Current Affairs Insights | 14 January, 2021, Prolawctor Daily Current Affairs Insights | 13 January, 2021, Prolawctor Daily Current Affairs Insights | 12 January, 2021, Theft Under IPC Notes | IPC notes for LLB PDF |, ROBBERY UNDER IPC NOTES | IPC NOTES FOR LLB PDF |, ROBBERY UNDER IPC NOTES | IPC NOTES FOR LLB PDF | Prolawctor. The offence of extortion is intermediary between the offence of theft and robbery. ‘A’ has committed extortion. Punishment for both, theft and extortion under IPC is either imprisonment of three years or fine or both. Punishment for Extortion 4. Section 390 to 402 of IPC deals with robbery and dacoity. It must be noted that Section 386 to 389 go on to the extent of discussing much harsher punishments for much-aggravated forms of extortion. Sections 385, 387 and 389 (Inchoate offences) punish the accused for merely putting a person under fear of injury while sections 384, 386 and 388 punish a person for extortion or, fear of injury coupled with delivery of property. Extortion By : Siti Nur Jannah Bt Hasanuddin 1122051 TLB 5 2. — Whoever commits extortion by putting any person in fear of an accusation against that person or any other, of having committed or attempted to commit any offence punishable with death, or with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years, or of having attempted to induce any other person to commit such offence. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. He thus induces Z to give him money. Section 383 defines the offence of extortion and section 384 provides punishment for extortion. Extortion. Possession ... Let's see meaning of 'Damnum sine injuria' Meaning - Damnum means = Damage in the sense of money, Loss of comfort ... 1) Give correct answer : A) Void agreements are always illegal. Thus, robbery is an aggravated form of either theft or extortion. Robbery has the same essential elements as theft and extortion which are: C) A contrac... 1) Which one of the following element is not necessary for a contract ? Dishonest inducement means that the person would not have otherwise agreed to part with his property and such parting causes him a wrongful loss. Section 384 contains the punishment for extortion. C) Illegal a... Extortion : Offences against property (Indian Penal Code 1860), Difference / Distinction between Theft and Mischief, Causing Death by Negligence (Indian Penal Code 1860), Offences Relating to Weights and Measures (Indian Penal Code,1860), Distinction / Difference between Kidnapping and Abduction, Distinction / Difference between Criminal Conspiracy and Abetment, Objective Questions with Answers on Law Of Contracts - 19, Objective Questions with Answers on Law Of Contracts - 18, Possession : Meaning, Definition and Kinds of possession, Objective Questions with Answers on Law Of Contracts - 17. Offense Affecting Property – Extortion In Indian constitution, under section 383, it is stated that if someone induces any person for delivery of property or valuable or puts the fear of injury than he/she commits extortion. The term ‘injury’ as defined under Section 44 of the IPC includes only such harm as may be caused illegally to a person’s mind, body, reputation or, property. A has committed extortion. Such offences include crimes like theft, extortion, robbery, dacoity and other aggravated forms of these crimes. Indian Penal Code (IPC) S. 383. Extortion in the Indian Penal Code – IPC Notes 1. If robbery is committed by extortion, its subject matters maybe both properties, i.e., movable and immovable. The punishment for the same offense is mentioned in section 384 of the code. An ethical message to the readers, let’s become that generation in which these terms don’t exist. The Indian Penal Code is applicable to all the citizens of India who commit crimes or actions suggesting misconduct in the Indian territory. Offences under this section is cognizable, non-bailable, non-compoundable and triable by any Magistrate. Property is obtained by putting a person under fear of injury and thereby, inducing him to part with his property. Under section 387 of the Indian penal code, it has been stated that when a person with the sole purpose of committing extortion puts or attempts to put another person in a position when there is a sense of fear of death or severe hurt to his body shall be punished for imprisonment which may extend to 7 years and is also liable to fine. What is Extortion 2. B) Illegal agreements are always voidable . The section states that whoever either puts or attempt to put any person in fear of injury in order to the committing of extortion, shall be punished with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending up to two years, or with fine, or with both. Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property or valuable security, or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits “extortion“. 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