By November 10, four navy vessels were searching debris in the waters near Ormoc for bodies; 16 were recovered that day with more believed to be submerged in the bay. It became known as the "Isle of Death" to survivors. Signed on October 30, 1991: Declaring a state of public calamity in certain provinces and cities in Regions I, II and the Cordillera Administrative Region which suffered from the effects of Typhoon  Over the next couple of days the system weakened into an area of low pressure as it moved westwards, before it moved into the Andaman Sea during November 10. Concurrently, Yuri expanded in size, reaching a maximum diameter of 600 km (370 mi) at one point. An area of disturbed weather formed near the Caroline Islands in early October. Outside of Ormoc City, 159 people were killed across Leyte and Negros Occidental.  Officials had difficulty determining how to best deal with mass casualties as bodies lay across the Ormoc region. , Tropical Storm Thelma struck the Philippines just five months after the Ultra-Plinian eruption of Mount Pinatubo. After recurving towards the northeast the storm accelerated and began transitioning into an Extratropical cyclone. The majority of this land was improperly cultivated since the 1970s, making conditions worse than they normally would have been. 150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min) 950 hPa ( mbar) Main article: Typhoon Yunya (1991) After a month without any activity in the Western Pacific, a weak tropical depression (with winds of only 10 knots) developed just east of the Philippines and south of …  The majority of those missing were likely swept out to sea by the flood and presumed dead. This structure constricted the river by as much as 50 percent, enhancing the build up of water. Total losses amounted to $27.67 million. Ultimately, approximately $5.8 million was provided in international assistance from 13 nations, the United Nations, the Red Cross, and various non-governmental organizations. The rapid development of thunderstorm activity near the Marshall Islands on November 16 prompted the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) to monitor the area for signs of development.  Residents searched through debris for lumber to construct makeshift coffins while others stacked bodies to be picked up by wheelbarrows or trucks. This made Thelma the deadliest tropical cyclone in Philippine history, surpassing a storm in 1867 that killed 1,800, until later surpassed by Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) in 2013 which killed at least 6,300 people. Tracking generally west-northwestward, the system gradually became more defined. , Overall, the storm caused $33 million (1991 USD) in the area. The 1991 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1991, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November.  Numerous low-income families lived along the banks of the river, despite being such a high-risk area. It had become a severe tropical storm about 1,480 kilometers east of Truk Island and took on a west-northwestward track at 22 km/h. Dump trucks were used to transport the dead to these sites as quickly as possible.  Long-term rehabilitation of the watershed was deemed necessary in addition to repairing infrastructure in Ormoc. As a result, the tremendous rains that occurred just prior to the flood, during which rainfall rates reached 167 mm (6.6 in) per hour, the land was unable to absorb a majority of the rain. 62 and 90, series of 1988, as a Special Presidential Task Force for the Reopening and Rehabilitation of the Philippine Veterans Bank  Roughly 2,500 people lived on this reclaimed land prior to the flood. While passing over the Philippines, Thelma's interaction with the high terrain of some of the islands resulted in torrential rainfall. Yuri turned more to the west on 26 November and reached peak intensity the following morning packing winds of over 220 km/h near its centre. Thus, Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda typhoon) has surpassed the number of victims by the typhoon that hit the country in 1991 and claimed 5101 human lives. Topping Germanwatch's list of countries suffering from extreme weather, the country has the unfortunate title of being the world's most disaster-prone country. The emergency phase of assistance ended on November 29 and coordination of disaster relief was returned to the Philippines.  On November 4, both the JTWC and JMA upgraded the system to a tropical storm, with the former assigning it as Thelma. Super Typhoon Yuri was the most intense tropical cyclone in 1991 In terms of minimum central pressure. On the 8 th November 2013 the most powerful cyclonic storm on record hit the Philippines. A sculpture and monument to the victims, designed by architect Maribeth Ebcas and artist Florence Cinco respectively, called "Gift of Life" was constructed on a 1.3 km2 (0.8 mi2) plot of land. Much of the land had been deforestated or poorly cultivated and was unable to absorb most of the rain, creating a large runoff. 1 "Haiphong" 1881: 20,000 2 Yolanda (Haiyan) 2013: 6,300 3 Uring (Thelma) 1991: 5,101–8,000 An average of 6 to 7 tropical cyclones hit the Philippines only 200 survived deployed throughout the country Government... 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