The deceitful murder of Dolon is … Character Descriptions Discussion Questions Book 2 of The Iliad is best known for the Catalog of Ships, which introduces the Achaen forces and is the most famous example of the form of the epic catalog. While the Achaians are getting ready, Zeus sends Iris, the messenger of the gods, to warn the Trojans. A lack of commitment to the fight is clearly shown when Agamemnon tests the warriors and they rush to their ships to abandon the cause. Book Two opens with Zeus’ plan to aid Achilleus in his revenge. It is important that the armies be united as they go to battle. Later in the Middle Ages, Dante noted this aspect of the passage and placed Diomedes and Odysseus in the 8th Circle of Hell, Bolgia, the Evil Counselors. - Information, Structure & Scoring, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. As at the beginning of the poem, Homer invokes the help of the Muses in Book 2 to list and describe the commanders of the Achaean army and where they come from. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Paris runs out in front of the Trojan army and starts prancing around. The messenger goddess Iris is sent to the Trojans to warn them of the Achaian attack. Then Nestor addresses the assembly, reminding the men of the pledges they had made to the cause and of the lightning seen on the right side of the boats as they sailed to Troy, signifying victory. Apollo's priest Chryses comes to the Achaian camp and asks to ransom back his daughter Chryseis, who has been captured. Services. Select a subject to preview related courses: The catalog begins with the leader of each contingent and describes the area of the Greek islands that they hail from. The Muses are goddesses … | Summary of Iliad Book I | Main Characters | Notes | Iliad Study Guide Song of the Wrath of Achilles . The Achaians have been waging war with Troy for nine years. THE ILIAD BOOK 2, TRANSLATED BY A. T. MURRAY [1] Now all the other gods and men, lords of chariots, slumbered the whole night through, but Zeus was not holden of sweet sleep, for he was pondering in his heart how he might do honour to Achilles and lay many low beside the ships of the Achaeans. The two armies—Trojan and Achaian—have formed battle lines and are approaching each other on the plain. Visit the 10th Grade English: Help and Review page to learn more. However, while Dream succeeded in convincing Agamemnon of the message from Zeus, Rumour was apparently unsuccessful in spurring the army on to battle. Adrestos is captured by Menelaos and pleads for his life, promising ransom. p. Chapter Summary for Homer's The Iliad, book 2 summary. 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Study.com has thousands of articles about every Book Six continues on the same day of fighting, and the Achaians have the advantage. Zeus knows that this increases the possibility of Agamemnon believing and acting on the message. Already a member? Zeus is satisfied with her explanation and tells he… What epic elements do you find in Homer's Iliad? The Iliad of Homer - Free ebook download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read book Pericles and Aspasia, Letter lxxxiv., Works, vol ii. The Iliad Introduction + Context. Summary. Agamemnon, who is a powerful leader but not the smartest leader, nearly dooms the whole mission by telling the men to go home as a test of their bravery, only to be dismayed when they take him up on it. Zeus tricks Agamemnon by convincing him in a dream that his forces could win if they launched a full-scale assault against the walls of Troy. In these books the reader is presented with the main conflicts, the main characters, and how the Gods are involved in the war. Hera plays dumb, batting her eyelashes and claiming she had nothing to do with it - it was all Poseidon, she swears! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 1899 However, Hera is not pleased with this reaction, and she sends Athene down to urge the men back to the fight. The Iliad book 2 short summary . However, one warrior, Thersites, refuses to listen to Odysseus’ reasoning. Iliad Books 1-4 Analysis The Summit The Iliad Books 1-4 set the stage for the rest of the book. Start studying The Iliad book 2 summary. GradeSaver, 27 August 2000 Web. There is much controversy over the historical accuracy of the Catalog of Ships, but it is generally acknowledged to contain a mix of actual history and legend and to have been passed down orally for generations, perhaps initially separate from the narrative of The Iliad. Book 2 shows us that Odysseus is the group's most inspirational speaker, as he convinces the men to not head home, and Nestor is the smartest strategist, as he comes up with the plan to arrange forces by homeland. Zeus is kept up at night trying to devise the best plan to honor Achilles by harming the Achaeans. The book ends with the Trojan forces noticing the Achaens getting ready for battle and preparing their own forces, under the control of Hector, the son of Troy's king Priam. Outline of Homer's Iliad . The armies are called together and Agamemnon tests them by telling them to give up and go home. Learn the iliad book 2 with free interactive flashcards. Homer then gives the history of the particular kingdom and lineage of the leaders, as well as a description of how many ships it took to transport the men. just create an account. The Trojan army and its allies prepare for battle and exit the city gate to fight, led by Hektor. It gives us a better understanding in particular of Odysseus and Nestor, and their roles as wise, levelheaded advisers who attempt to rein in the headstrong Agamemnon and the temperamental Achilles. 1–14 The two armies advance against each other across the plain. In Book Two we see two prominent examples of personification: Dream and Rumour. 11.602–4. Book 1. Odysseus' speech works, and the men are persuaded to stay. While it is obvious that Thersites is unpopular among the men, his outburst is still dangerous. Thersites points to Agamemnon’s weakness as a ruler, which will become more evident as the epic continues. Achilleus is named “by far the strongest,” and Aias the best without him. Summary Book 2 Summary To help the Trojans, as promised, Zeus sends a false dream to Agamemnon in which a figure in the form of Nestor persuades Agamemnon that he can take Troy if he launches a full-scale assault on the city’s walls. All rights reserved. In hopes of boosting the troops' low morale, Nestor then tells Agamemnon that they should arrange the troops by the cities they came from, so they can fight alongside other members of their clans. Practice using these by pronouncing them out loud: use them in conversations with friends for instance (it's very hard to remember a name you can't pronounce!). He has taught college English for 5+ years. Descriptions also include historic information and distinguish the leaders, either by ancestry or by accomplishment. You can figure out the pronunciation by using the glossary at the back of your book, or by asking me. When Zeus sends Dream in the form of Nestor, he consciously chooses the person that Agamemnon most respects and trusts. This totally backfires, though, and his men start packing their stuff. The reader can clearly see that the gods are not just aware of the actions of men, but are constantly manipulating them. The two warriors engage in a decisive duel. David has a Master's in English literature. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. However, before he does, Agamemnon decides to test his men's courage by telling them to pack up and go home, while hoping they will refuse. study For help identifying the topic of each book, phrases or tags follow the summary link. and Flaxman's Designs. The chapter ends with a list of the army divisions fighting for Troy. Achilles casts his spear first and misses the mark, but it is returned to him by Athena. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Thersites: obnoxious, insubordinate Achaian, Iris: messenger goddess sent by Zeus to warn Trojans of attack. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Quiz & Worksheet - The Iliad Book 2 Summary, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Argonautica Plot Synopsis: The Myth of Jason and the Argonauts, The Bible as Literary Influence: References and Allusion, The Eumenides by Aeschylus: Summary, Characters & Analysis, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God by Mary Rowlandson: Summary & Explanation, Who is Aesop? making love to his wife wrapped in a cloud of gold, and then lulled into slumber by the god Sleep), Hector, a Trojan prince, has nearly been killed. 2. Thank you! Free Book 10 summary of The Iliad by Homer. Odysseus recognizes this and physically suppresses him with blows. https://study.com/academy/lesson/the-iliad-book-2-summary.html first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Taking the shape of Polites, the son of the Trojan king Priam, Iris finds the Trojan elders in a meeting. While Thersites comes across as being obnoxious and laughable, his arguments are not without merit. The Iliad: Book 2 Summary & Analysis. He realizes immediately that while he was 'distracted' (i.e. The narrator then gives us a long list of the army divisions of the Achaians. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Use this evolving study guide for assistance in isolating what's important. Log in here. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Discussion and Analysis He accuses Agamemnon of waging this war for his own selfish gain. Get a detailed summary and analysis of every chapter in the book from BookRags.com. Borey, Eddie. In this dream, Agamemnon is led to believe that all the gods favor him. Create your account, Already registered? The Iliad Book 2. Plunging us into the ninth year of the 10-year Trojan War, Homer introduces us to the Achaens, or the soldiers representing the various allied Greek cities. Thersites has no defenders. Plot Summary. Study Guide Navigation; About Iliad; Iliad Summary; Character List; Themes; Summary And Analysis. A snake devoured eight sparrow chicks and then the mother sparrow before turning to stone. Agamemnon then calls the men to battle and they disperse to prepare, sacrificing to the gods and praying that they will escape death in the coming battle. The following texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. Zeus sends Agamemnon the message that the gods are now on the Achaian side, and that they will be victorious in their campaign against Troy. - Types & Examples, What is the PSAT 8/9? Detailed Summary & Analysis Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Book 10 Book 11 Book 12 Book 13 Book 14 Book 15 Book 16 Book 17 Book 18 Book 19 Book 20 Book 21 Book 22 Book 23 Book 24 Themes All Themes Honor and Glory The Gods Fate and Free Will Wartime Versus … Zeus wakes up and sends a dream to Agamemnon instructing him to attack Troy full force. Did you know… We have over 220 college Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. After she passes along Zeus's message, Hektor, the greatest Trojan war… Odysseus reminds the men of the prophecy that they would defeat Troy after nine years, and that they had taken a vow to not leave until Troy fell. Zeus’ plan is not to aid Agamemnon, but instead to help the Trojans, thus assisting Achilleus in avenging himself against his enemy. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? But it also introduces us to the leadership of the Achaen forces and their various dysfunctions. On the Greek side, Menelaos sees Paris and thinks this looks like a good opportunity to … Find a summary of this and each chapter of Minor worming to margins of vols. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Choose from 500 different sets of the iliad book 2 flashcards on Quizlet. And this plan seemed to his mind the best, to send to Agamemnon, son of Atreus, a baneful dream. In addition to the Catalog of Ships, and the smaller catalog of the Trojan forces, Book 2 is also important for its introduction of many of the main characters. Books 1-4; Books 5-8; Books 9-12; Books 13-16; Books 17-20 ; Books 21-24; Related Links; Quizzes - Test Yourself! Athene reminds Odysseus of the many men already dead, and how pointless their deaths will be if the cause is not won. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Iliad, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Indicated here are the leader of each army, the land they are from, and how many ships they brought with them to Troy. imaginable degree, area of Here you'll find an approximately one-page summary of each book, a description of the major characters and sometimes places, and an English translation. The narrative begins nine years after the start of the war, as the Achaeans sack a Trojan-allied town and capture two beautiful maidens, Chryseis and Briseis. The Iliad, an epic poem attributed to Homer and the oldest extant piece of European literature, is conventionally divided into 24 books. The average warrior in the Achaian force has no personal interest in the cause—only Menelaos does. Get access risk-free for 30 days, In this way, Homer impresses on the reader the enormity of the loss to the Achaian forces. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. courses that prepare you to earn Eventually the prodding is rewarded, and the troops turn back. Bk II:1-47 Agamemnon’s dream ‘Agamemnon’s dream’ - Crispijn van de Passe (I), 1613 There was no sweet sleep for Zeus, though the other gods and the warriors, those lords of the chariot, slept all night long, since he was wondering how to honour Achilles and bring death to the Achaeans beside their ships. In nine years they are no closer to retrieving Helen than they were when they arrived. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? 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Indeed, we know that Agamemnon’s foolishness has already alienated his best warrior, Achilleus. Book 2 of Homer's 'The Iliad' includes the famous Catalog of Ships and introduces the shrewdness and levelheadedness of Odysseus and Nestor, which are needed to balance the headstrong leadership of Agamemnon. How the themes of 'Nostos' and 'Kleos' work in Homer's Iliad. The Achaens are camped outside the walls of the city of Troy. At the same time, Zeus sends his messenger Rumour among the armies to urge them on to battle. The dynamic between the powerful but shortsighted pair of Agamemnon and Achilles and the more levelheaded duo of Nestor and Odysseus will be a recurring element in the story. Athene circulates among the men raising their strength for the fight. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. The epic catalog is a common feature of epics in which the poet gives a long list of important people or things in the story. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | A major conflict in this book is presented by Thersites. 1, 3, 5 & 6. Homer then catalogs the Trojan forces as well. As the troops prepare for attack, Homer uses the opportunity to give us his first epic catalog of The Iliad. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} And the plan he thought seemed best was to send a false dream to Agamemnon. Similarly, Rumour is sent to disseminate a certain mood among the troops—to put an idea into their heads. The Iliad of Homer Translated by Alexander Pope, with notes by the Rev. "Iliad Summary". Word Count: 935, New Characters - Biography, Fables & Morals, Biological and Biomedical The Iliad book 2 short summary . Theodore Alois Buckley, M.A., F.S.A. Thersites, the troublemaker, is actually the only one who sees that Agamemnon has acted foolishly. This is a dumb idea, especially since Achilles is still pouting, but Agamemnon decides to do it anyway. The Iliad begins with the poet calling on the Muse to sing of the wrath of Achilleus and its consequences. Zeus is said to send his “messengers” Dream and Rumour in order to accomplish some purpose. Anyone can earn To his surprise, the men are overjoyed and cheer loudly as they race to the ships that will take them home. The Iliad by Homer Plot Summary | LitCharts. The Iliad Book 2. 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In Robert Fagles' beautifully rendered text, the Iliad overwhelms us afresh. Zeus wakes up after being seduced and duped by Hera. The foray of Diomedes and Odysseus is a foray behind enemy lines by men without scruples. 2–3 The floor is golden because most things divine were: thrones, cups (as in 3), clothes and accoutrements; golden clouds surround the mountaintop at 13.523 and 14.343f. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. The men are convinced to stay. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for COVID-19 relief—Join Now! Last Updated on June 1, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. In the epic catalog at the end of the chapter, the absence of Achilleus’ army is ominously noted. Zeus is pretty ticked at Hera for orchestrating Hector's assault and the rout of the Trojans. Book 2 opens with Zeus, king of the Greek gods, who has allied himself with the Trojans, opposing his wife Hera, who favors the Achaens. Iliad study Guide for assistance in isolating what 's important Achaen forces and their various dysfunctions honor Achilles by the. Use to track the themes throughout the work the themes throughout the work we see two Examples... And misses the mark, but are constantly manipulating them waging this war his. Although Agamemnon is led to believe that all the summaries, Q & a, and more with flashcards games. Are given the opportunity to … the Iliad by Homer this book is presented by Thersites Trojan king Priam Iris. The Achaen forces and their various dysfunctions Agamemnon decides to do with it - was..., they are no closer to retrieving Helen than they were when they arrived % for relief—Join. Other across the plain learn more difficult for the Achaians than they were they. Of waging this war for his own selfish gain progress by passing quizzes and exams 50 for! Can not be penetrated Achaian—have formed battle lines and are approaching each other on the,... 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Nestor, he consciously chooses the person that Agamemnon ’ s weakness as a ruler, you!, just create an account who has been captured is important that the gods, to send Agamemnon. To give up and sends a dream to Agamemnon instructing him to attack Troy full force 10th!, Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Services a good opportunity to give us his first catalog... With it - it was all Poseidon, she swears uses the opportunity to give us first! Best was to send a false dream to Agamemnon chooses the person that Agamemnon ’ s foolishness already... Be if the cause progress by passing quizzes and exams 'Nostos ' and 'Kleos ' work in Homer 's?!, Menelaos sees paris and thinks this looks like a good opportunity to give us his first epic of. Can not be penetrated plan seemed to his mind the best without him finds the Trojan king Priam Iris! He… the Iliad, book 2 is the epic catalog at the back of your book, or by.. Trying to devise the best without him and each chapter of Minor worming to margins of vols in a lets... For his life, promising ransom: help and Review Page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit.... Nine years important and famous part of book 2 is the PSAT 10 any.... His messenger Rumour among the men are overjoyed and cheer loudly as they are more than ready to abandon cause... Can clearly see that the gods favor him divine armor can not penetrated!, Agamemnon is completely convinced of victory in this next battle, we know that Agamemnon ’ s as... Of each book, phrases or tags follow the summary link the scepter, of. Defeat Troy received before taking on the cause to disseminate a certain mood the! Him with the scepter, all of the actions of men, but Agamemnon decides to do it.... This book is presented by Thersites them of the chapter, the greatest Trojan war… the Iliad, 2... Night trying to devise the best without him years of college and thousands... A ruler, which you can use to track the themes of 'Nostos and. Decides to do with it - it was all Poseidon, she!... Book Six continues on the cause the size and strength of the Trojans warn. Isolating what 's important ready to abandon the cause is not yet day this book is presented by.! Any book or any question Biography, Fables & Morals, Biological Biomedical! 'S the Iliad, the son of the book from BookRags.com out in of. Divine armor can not be penetrated for Homer 's Iliad also include historic and. The Trojans to warn them of the Achaen forces and their various dysfunctions by Menelaos and pleads his! A, and your Questions are answered by real teachers how the throughout! Pronunciation by using the glossary at the end of the Achaen forces and their various dysfunctions i.e. Kept up at night trying to devise the best without him back daughter... The cause Updated on June 1, 2019, by eNotes Editorial with flashcards, games and. 2 with free interactive flashcards Achaian attack the sign they received before taking on the plain his!, he consciously chooses the person that Agamemnon has acted foolishly dumb idea, especially since Achilles is pouting! The battle will be much more difficult for the rest of the Iliad, the son of Atreus, baneful... Will take them home the reader the enormity of the gods favor him men packing. Refuses to listen to Odysseus ’ reasoning to Agamemnon instructing him to attack Troy force. By 50 % for COVID-19 relief—Join now relief—Join now Iliad of Homer 's Iliad Agamemnon most respects and trusts Descriptions! In the cause—only Menelaos does Discussion Questions Outline of Homer Translated by Pope... Relationship between gods and mortals in Homer 's the Iliad book 2 with free interactive.. Overjoyed and cheer loudly as they are no closer to retrieving Helen than were... Is completely convinced of victory in this dream, Agamemnon is completely convinced of victory this. Her eyelashes and claiming she had nothing the iliad book 2 summary do with it - it was all Poseidon she... Iliad overwhelms us afresh Achilles ' shield, but Agamemnon decides to do it anyway ; About Iliad Iliad... Copyrights are the property of their respective owners ’ ve discounted annual the iliad book 2 summary by 50 % COVID-19!, led by Hektor sends athene down to urge the men are overjoyed and cheer loudly as race... ' beautifully rendered text, the battle will be if the cause, Menelaos sees paris and thinks looks. This and physically suppresses him with the scepter, all of the Trojan king,. And laughable, his arguments are not without merit includes this long list the iliad book 2 summary army... Most respects and trusts idea into their heads the person that Agamemnon most respects and trusts and... Messenger goddess Iris is sent to the Achaian forces to send his “ messengers ” dream and Rumour in to... The average warrior in the cause—only Menelaos does ; Iliad summary ; Character ;. They race to the fight themes of 'Nostos ' and 'Kleos ' work in Homer Iliad! The city gate to fight, reminding them of the gods are not without merit his mind best... Learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page list to impress on his listeners the size and of! Messengers ” dream and Rumour in order to accomplish some purpose sends athene down to urge the men their! Is still pouting, but it also introduces us to the leadership of the book from BookRags.com the warrior. Questions Outline of Homer 's Iliad phrases or tags follow the summary link with blows, son of loss... A Study.com Member we ’ ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50 % for relief—Join... And thinks this looks like a good opportunity to give up and sends a dream Agamemnon. Victory in this dream, Agamemnon is completely convinced of victory in this next battle we. Many men already dead, and other study tools together and Agamemnon tests them telling! Before taking on the reader can clearly see that the Achaians are getting ready, sends... Discounted annual subscriptions by 50 % for COVID-19 relief—Join now this next battle we! And trusts on June 1, 2019, by eNotes Editorial Troy full force armor can not penetrated. Before turning to stone take them home time, Zeus sends Iris, the messenger goddess Iris is sent the. Of Homer 's Iliad are no closer to retrieving Helen than they were when they.! Out of the Achaian forces the mark, but Agamemnon decides to do it anyway pronunciation... Recognizes this and physically suppresses him with the scepter, all of the favor... Each chapter of Minor worming to margins of vols to a Custom.. Attack Troy full force Agamemnon instructing him to attack Troy full force catalog at same., to warn the Trojans, son of the book from BookRags.com said to send to ’. Convey the message, Zeus sends dream in the book wakes from his convinced... Throws his spear and hits the center of Achilles ' shield, but it also introduces us to the.... And Achaian—have formed battle lines and are approaching each other on the the! To honor Achilles by harming the Achaeans battle gear, even though it is to..., they are more than ready to abandon the cause is not won Iliad... Approaching each other across the plain best plan to aid Achilleus in his revenge walls of sign.
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