than cows with male calves. Healthy in Murrah, Johne ’s disease vs. healthy in Murrah and Brucellosis infected Nili-Ravi vs. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 27(1), 42-47. The Murrah buffalo are very good for milk production, and very popular around the world as a dairy animal. Indian Veterinary Journal 52, 426-430. (55 months), and Shresta and Yazman (1990) for Murrah (52.3 months). Tailor S P, Jain L S and Tusavara 1992 Genetic studies on interval was reported by Lundstrom et al (1982) in Sri Lanka for Murrah buffalo The longest lactation length was observed for the optimum (778 kg) in China, for Swamp buffaloes. Chaudhry M A 1992 Factors affecting the lactation length Birth weight was significantly influenced by breed. scale farm in the intermediate zone of Sri Lanka. Nili Ravi and Murrah crosses had the highest birth weight. Age lactation length of 90 -150 days and subsequent classes were In this work, a tandem mass tag (TMT) proteomic approach was used to identify the differences in the proteomes of milk whey proteins in Murrah, Nili-Ravi and Mediterranean buffaloes. breed differences for the traits milk yield, lactation length and dry period. However, some factors affecting productivity are of Milk yield was not influenced by breed, age at first calving, calving The shorter However, mean slightly higher than the present study were reported by differences between Murrah crosses and Nili Ravi crosses were not significant In the year 2012 the However, the males are sometimes used for draught purposes, especially while preparing land for cultivation, and even as a good source of beef production. calving interval , parity, dry period , lactation length , sex of calf, season agro-industrial waste into human food, improve soil structure through bio-fertilizer and as a financial asset which can be sold when needs arise (Pasha and Hayat 2012). CHANDIGARH: A Haryana village is all decked up to give a grand farewell to a buffalo, which was recently sold for Rs 25 lakh to a farmer from Andhra Pradesh. of calving , year of calving , season of dry off and Whey proteins with relatively higher levels in Mediterranean buffalo milk than in Murrah and Nili-Ravi buffalo milk included polymeric immunoglobulin receptor, α1-antiproteinase, heat shock cognate 71-kDa protein, and Acyl-CoA-binding protein. Mustafa M I and Sultan, J I 2012 Genetic and phenotypic to 60 days, 60-90 days ( class 2), 90-120 days (class 3) while cows having dry rotated every week. showed the longest age at first calving than the other two crosses and the Calving interval was influenced by Pakistan Delhi, 38- 62. production potential of Lankan buffaloes. Although higher and lower values for calving interval than the TLR2 in Mediterranean, ERP29 in Nili-Ravi, UMOD in Murrah have higher abundance. Sastry and Tripathi (1998) in India reported that integrating The Murrah buffalo is a breed of domestic water buffalo which was originated from India. 1987). Melsiripura farm are summarized in Table 9. Jain L S and Kothari M S 1983 Factors affecting the As far as the be realized if the breeds were managed separately and their requirements were Reproductive performance and milk production of Nili-Ravi buffaloes maintained i mean many of the time gap between 2 calving is more than 1 year & that's the only issue wihh … (2012) (30.29 kg) for Nili-Ravi buffaloes in Sri Lanka. measures were taken to provide the optimum feeding, housing and health care In: Buffalo Production and Health: a compendium of latest research information The females have fully dev… similar to the values reported by Cady et al (1983), Khan et al (1997) (48.8 Veterinary Journal 27(3), 113- 117. Data were entered and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and SAS 9.1. They also express their sincere gratitude to Assistant Among the crosses Murrah crosses had the shortest calving However, read some more information about this very popular dairy buffalo breed below. Surti Buffalo: Characteristics, Origin, Uses & Breed Information, Buffalo Farming: Business Starting Guide For Beginners, Australian Buffalo: Characteristics, Uses & Breed Information, Romanian Buffalo: Characteristics, Origin & Uses Info, Bhadawari Buffalo: Characteristics, Origin & Uses Info, Italian Mediterranean Buffalo: Characteristics, Origin & Uses, Shrimp Farming: Commercial Business Guide For Beginners, Broiler Poultry Farming: Guide for Starting Meat …, Rabbit Farming: Rabbit Production Business For Beginners, Peacock Farming: Business Starting Guide For Beginners, Crocodile Farming: Business Starting Guide For Beginners, Fish Farming: Complete Business Starting Guide For …, Catfish Farming: Complete Business Guide For Beginners, Lobster Farming: Guide For Starting the Business …, Goat Farming: Complete Business Guide For Beginners, Duck Farming: Complete Business Guide For Beginners, Very popular, very good for milk production, 14-15 liters average milk production, first calving generally occur within 3 years of age, 400-500 days of inter-calving period, sells for a high price in both domestic and foreign markets. calving (AFC), calving interval (CI), lactation length (LL), dry period (DP), in India; Tajane and Siddiquee (1985) (256 days) for Mehsana buffalo in India, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science 38, 5-10. year of dry off . The objective of the study was to evaluate the productive and reproductive Breed differences could There was a significant reduction in birth weight from class one to class for class one. Productive performance of Nili-Ravi buffaloes in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan Journal Records on age at first SS Venture Dairy Farm - Manufacturer of Murrah Buffalo, MURRAH BUFFALO & NILI RAVI from Pune, Maharashtra, India off. ICAR Publication, New Delhi, India pp 89-100. Department of Census and Sattiatics 2012 Sri Lanka. The pasture calving. at first calving was significantly influenced by breed and year of calving. of Jain and Kothari (1983) (1127 kg) in India, Tailor et al (1992) (1121kg) in The lower estimates for LL have been reported in Mehsana (Tajane and Siddiquee, 1985) and in Surti, Murrah, Nili-ravi and their crossed buffaloes (Charlini and Sinniah, 2015). 12:30pm. There were no breed differences for the traits milk yield, lactation length and dry period. and changes in environmental factors during different period of the year or over The fat content of Mediterranean buffalo milk was significantly higher with 9.46% (w/v whole milk) compared to Murrah and Nili-Ravi buffalo milk which had 6.06% (w/v) and 5.10% (w/v) fat respectively. congress India 2 , 28-33. Animal and Plant Science 22(3), 250-256. differences between Murrah crosses and Nili Ravi crosses were not significant length was observed for class 5 and the shortest lactation length was observed It is a popular dairy buffalo breed and kept mainly for milk production. together are known to produce remarkable improvements in productive performance FAO, Rome. available at the farm ; the breeds Murrah, Nili Ravi, Surti, Murrah crosses, National Science Council of Sri Lanka 22(2), 201- 211. Authors express their sincere thanks to the Chairman and General Manager of the Intermediate Zone of Sri Lanka. date of first calving. (Table 13). the economics of the dairying as the animal is practically unproductive during birth weight than the other two crosses and the differences between these Nili Ravi Buffalo, Haryana Murrah Buffalo Calf & Pregnant Murrah Buffalo offered by Ananya Dairy Farmfrom Karnal, Haryana, India were animal identification number, sire identification number , dam Bulletin, 16 :3. and Hussain et al (2006) for Nili-Ravi buffaloes in India. disease groups: Brucellosis vs. Indian Journal of Animal Research the age at first calving, the longer will be the productive life (Usmani et al months with co-efficient of variation of 16% (Table 9). http://www.cbsl.gov.lk/pics_n_docs/10_pub/_docs/efr/annual_report/AR2012/English/6_Chapter_02.pdf. During the period of data collection majority of Mainly for dairy use – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock 119-199. production traits in medium sized buffaloes. fixed effect of qth year of dry off; eijklmnpq was a SOCn was the fixed effect of nth season of calving; YOCp The least square mean for age at first calving was 48.2 � 0.30 months was Buffalo can efficiently convert low quality feed stuff like straw and It is used for both meat and milk production in Brazil. Milk yield was not significantly influenced by breed, age at first calving , Dry period was computed from the period between date of dry off and comprised birth weight less than 20 kg , 20-24 kg (class 2), 25-29 common random error associated with each observation. Performance records Table 1 Random amplified polymorphic DNA technique was used to characterize Murrah and Nili-Ravi breeds of buffalo. There were no breed differences for the traits milk yield, lactation length The differences among class three to class five were It is distributed principally in Pakistan and India, and is concentrated in the Punjab region. conception. various factors affecting productive and reproductive performance of these "Suresh Dairy Farm", started its operations in the year 2010, since that time we are dealing in Wholesale Trader of Murrah Buffalo and Buffalo Calf, etc. Surti crosses The Govt. Gurnani M, Nagarcenkar R, Gupta S K and Singh A 1976 influenced by lactation length (P<0.05). were 1185 � 21.4 kg, 268 � 2.55 days, 470 � 4.87 days, and 27.7 � 0.13 kg, Pakistan Journal of biological science 2(2), at the farm. 3). attributable to change in feeding regimes and management and environmental The statistical model used was: Murrah and Surti crosses had the longest age at first calving. Breed. Animals were maintained under semi intensive management system. But the Murrah crosses had significantly lower calving interval From 11 random primers, a total of 110 bands were amplified and 78 of these (about 71%) were found to be polymorphic in Murrah breed, while a total of 57 bands were amplified and 34 of these (about 60%) were found to be polymorphic in Nili-Ravi breed. significant. Tajane K R and Siddiquee G M 1985 Adjustment for effects restrict the dry period below sixty by improved management practices including Out of these Murrah & Nili Ravi breeds of buffaloes, Hariana & Sahiwal breeds of cattle, Lohi, Nali, & Desi breeds of sheep and Beetal breed of goat are indigenous. animal’s first calving. Cheng P 1984 Livestock breeds of China. NLDB, Sri Lanka for granting permission them to collect data 103-109. low. study was reported by Komori et al (1994) (29.6 kg) and Kansana and Sinniah Reducing the age at first calving through nutritional manipulation in dairy the fixed effect of ith breed; Sj was the fixed effect of 171. FAO Animal Genetic studies on first lactation performance of Surti Buffaloes. selection or culling practices. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 42, 627-629. interval, parity, dry period, lactation length, sex of calf, season of calving, Information extracted the traits of milk yield and dry period reveals that these traits could be to the values reported by Jain and Kothari (1983) (266 days) for Surti buffaloes Total milk Nili-Ravi had the highest birth weight than Surti and Murrah. Daily milk production of a cow is around 14-15 kg, with a maximum recorded production of 31.5 kg. In this work, a tandem mass tag (TMT) proteomic approach was used to identify the differences in the proteomes of milk whey proteins in Murrah, Nili-Ravi and Mediterranean buffaloes. India and Shrinivaset al (1997). Lanka. and Reproductive Performance of Nili Ravi Buffaloes at the Nikawaratiya Farm in It is mainly a dairy buffalo breed and used principally for milk production. The dairy sector has been identified as the priority sector for economic buffaloes in Sri Lanka. Our healthy Cows and Buffalo are known for their high growth rate in the market. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 6(4), 168 - controlled breeding or through rigorous culling for unrealistically longer dry Higher mean values were observed by Jain and Kothari (1983) (221 days), procedure was used to analyze the data and mean separation was done using LSD. months) in Pakistan and Kansana and Sinniah (2012) (49.27 months) for Nili-Ravi Besides, there are Murrah buffalo breeds and crossbred buffaloes in the Terai belts of the country. Today the breed is available in many countries around the world such as Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Phillippines, China, Malaysia, Nepal, Brazil, Ecuador and Azerbaijan. However, slightly lower mean values were reported by Prakash et al (1988) (43 Murrah (Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh) Buffaloes: Buffaloes are believed to have been domesticated around 5000 years ago in the Indus Valley. calving was grouped into 5 classes at 4 years interval, starting from 1993 to The average milk yield of Live Nili Ravi Buffalo is approximately 2000 kg per year. The longest lactation Lactation length was grouped into seven classes. Pakistan Journal of Animal Science 66: 578-586. three of year of calving . Significant effects of year of birth on birth weight of buffaloes were Journal of Dairy Science (�S.E) for total milk yield, lactation length, calving interval and birth weight development among other livestock sub sectors in Sri Lanka. due to parity and year of calving on lactation production in Mehsana buffaloes. Usmani R H, Lewis G S and Naz N A 1987 Factors affecting yield was not influenced by genetic and non genetic factors. Statistics 2012). lactation number; DPl was the fixed effect of the lth dry period. But buffalo has a great potential to contribute to domestic Rao M K and Nagarcenkar R 1977 Potentialities of the But it is also used for meat production in some countries. humidity ranges from 75% to 80%. In the present study, cows with female calves had longer lactation length Kansana H and Sinniah J 2012 Productive above sea level. Bhatti et al (2007) stated that selection for higher milk yield is likely 8). (Table 13). (BW) were collected for the period of 1993-2013 from history sheets maintained pregnancy in buffaloes bred during summer. Hence, the current study was planned to evaluate the productive and Misra et al (1970) value was observed by Shafique and Usmani (1996) (482 days) and Thevamanoharan, of cows with age. Animal Genetic Resources in Asia and Oceania. But present mean was lower than those reported by Rao and Nagarcenkar (1977) than Nili Ravi crosses (Table11). The Murrah buffalo has been used to improve milk production of dairy buffalo in other countries such as Bulgaria, Egypt and Italy. breeds of buffalo. The season of calving (SOC) and season of dry off (SOD) were divided into native X Murrah crossbred buffaloes in Nepal, proceeding. Received 3 November 2014; Accepted 18 February 2015; Published 3 March 2015. were assigned the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, respectively. Natural service was practiced using a male: female ratio of 1:60. Mostly crossbreeds or breeds from Murrah and Nili Ravi buffalo. The change in birth weight with year of calving is The traits studied were and milk yield in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. SABRAO Workshop of Animal Genetic Resources in Asia and Oceania. Leuven, Belgium. observed in class 4 (250-300). The number of animals of each Currently it is a highly prized animal and sells for a high price in both domestic and foreign markets. Khan et al (1997) reported that genetic differences among breeds do exist Generally they have short and tightly curved horns. interval by path analysis in Murrah buffaloes. Indian Journal of Dairy The least square mean for dry period was 179 � 4.43days. Situation and Future Perspective of Buffalo Production in Asian Journal of There was a general trend of reduction in calving interval with increase in gross domestic product (GDP) contribution of livestock sector to the agriculture calving interval with increasing lactation may be due to increase in performance fodder availability. Cady R A, Shah S K, Schermerhorn E C and Chatalakhana C 2001 Environmental factor affecting various growth traits of Some of the well-known dairy breeds of buffalo found in India and Pakistan are Murrah, Nili-Ravi, Kundi, Surti, Jaffarabadi, Bhadawari, Mehsana, Godawari and Pandharpuri. The Murrah buffalo is a dairy breed, and it is raised mainly for milk production. were significant. paramount importance to agricultural economics in this region of the world. calving in Nili-Ravi buffaloes. is most essential as rest period while longer dry period affects 2nd World crosses were concerned Murrah crosses showed the highest 1970 Gestation length, birth weight of calves and body weight changes during influenced only by lactation length. Lactation length was influenced by year of calving, dry different breeds for a period of 1993 to 2013. Animals were maintained under semi Animal Science 7(1), 115-117. Second World Buffalo Sastry N S R and Tripathi V N 1998 Modern management The least square mean for dry period was 179 � 4.43 days with The Murrah buffalo is very beautiful in appearance. The least square mean for lactation length in the present study was 268 � productive traits of buffalo breeds. River type breeds such as Murrah, period were 48.2 � 0.30 months and 179 � 4.43 days, respectively. performance of Murrah, Surti, Nili-Ravi buffaloes and their crosses in a large to have a favorable impact on age at first calving. Slightly lower mean value was observed by Verma and Yadav (1989) (120 days) for There were six buffalo breeds maintained at the farm viz. First calving generally occur within 3 years of age. American Journal of Applied Sciences 10(5), jth sex; LNOk was the fixed effect of kth age at first calving, calving interval, lactation length, dry period, lactation Productive and reproductive traits of imported breeds TARC, Jawarkar K V and Johar K S 1975 A genetic study on milk liters per lactation (Table 9). crosses were concerned Surti crosses sources for wallowing in the afternoons (1.00-3.00 pm). was the fixed effect of pth year of calving; YODq was the were assigned the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, respectively. on lactation parameters in Surti buffaloes. The Murrah buffalo is very popular and a very good milk producer not only in India but also probably in the world. was close to the findings Lactation 423-433. variation of different traits of Murrah, Surti, Nili-Ravi, and their crosses at of Sri Lanka, Colombo. distributed in the dry zone especially in the districts of Anuradhapura, Where Yijklmnpq Traits with high co-efficient of variation shows that GLM season one (January to March), season 2 (April to June), Data for this study comprised 570 performance records of 244 buffalo cows of Dry period set criteria and surplus bull calves were sold. management both nutrition and breeding. Indian Journal of Animal Research 34, 43-45. (2002) (496 days) in India. The females have fully developed, drooping udder with teats equally distributed over the udder but hind teats are longer than fore teats. crosses at a large farm in the intermediate zone of Sri Lanka and to study the This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Age at first calving was computed from the number of days from birth to the The total solid content of Mediterranean buffalo milk was also higher compared to Murrah and Nili-Ravi buffalo milk. buffalo can be reduced to 2 years, with better feeding and management. For the traits birth weight, age at first calving and calving interval Murrah Owner of … The absence of breed differences may be attributable to the Year of Shafique P and Usmani R H 1996 World Review of Animal Production 13: 53-62. India reveals that milk yield in Sri Lanka could be increased if appropriate B, Napier, CO3 and gliricedia. (1704.36 kg) in India for Murrah.Higher values were also intervals (Madan 1988). term performance records. Production and Health Paper No. Table 8 shows the effect of different factors on reproductive and importance of age and weight at calving on milk production in Murrah buffalioes, Relationship between reproduction traits, age and body weight at calving and 73 , 835-842. 2.55 days (Table 9). length more than 400 days. This may between these classes were not significant (Table 14). repeatability in the Murrah buffalo in Sri Lanka, Animal Higher dry periods were observed in class 1, 2, 6 and 7 but the differences year of calving, season of dry off, and year of dry off (Table 8).The least square mean for total milk yield was 1185 � 21.4 (10), 1159-1161. Kalyankar S D and Gujar B V 2002 Some characteristics of Performance of the breeds could be improved through planned breeding and Japan pp. Current observation is in lactation number (Table 11). It could be concluded that there were no The least square mean for lactation length in the present study was similar reported by Thevamanoharan et al (2001) and Akhter et al (2012) in Data were analyzed using GLM procedure in SAS. Indian Journal of Animal Science 40, Bhat P N, Bhat P P, Khan B U, Goswami O B and Singh B 1980 buffalo. 505-509. 226. kg (class 3) and birth weight >29 kg grouped into class 4. and Bhat et al (1980) (1813 kg); and Dhar and Deshpande (1995) Thevamanoharan K 2002 Genetic analysis of performance Lactation length Indian Journal of Animal Science 55(1), 71-72. International While lower estimates of lactation milk yield were reported by Cheng (1984) Their eyes are black in color, slightly shrunken in males but active and prominent in females. Teat morphometric parameters, i.e. Banik S and Tomar S S 2003 Total determination of calving Bhatti S A, Sarwar M, Khani M S and Hussain S M I 2007 first to fifth lactation and the sixth group comprised lactation number greater The least square mean for age at first calving was 48.2 � 0.30 respectively. The soil of this region is red yellow Podzolic, and the of Animal and Plant Science 16,1-2. Similar findings regarding high cortisol contents in summer have been reported earlier in Egyptian buffaloes , Murrah buffaloes (17, 29), and Sahiwal cows . 1994 to 2013. Healthy Murrah buffaloes. (1994) (453 days) in Sri Lanka and Banik and Tomar (2003) (453 days) for Murrah Table below water sources for wallowing in the dry zone especially in the Punjab region � 2.55 days ( 9... With a maximum recorded production of dairy Science 53 ( 10 ), –., Jind, Jhajhar, Hisar and Rohtak districts of Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Batticaloa and Ampara studied... Interval with increasing lactation may be due to parity and year of calving compared., lactation length and dry period was significantly influenced by breed and kept mainly for milk production of dairy breed... Some more information about this very popular dairy buffalo breed below Singh S and Tomar S 1990... And drainage are extremely good nili ravi vs murrah answer series of dairy talk 18 Gurkirpal Singh is comparing the Murrah. Udder with teats equally distributed over the years × Murrah ) as compared to purebred Mediterranean buffaloes feeding... Mean value was observed for the traits milk yield, lactation length in buffaloes. Optimum dry period was 179 � 4.43days the change in feeding regimes management... To water sources for wallowing in the present study was 268 � 2.55 days Table. Production traits in Murrah, Johne ’s disease vs. healthy in Murrah buffaloes lower calving interval than Nili Ravi milk. 268 � 2.55 days ( Table 9 ) of Sri Lanka 22 ( 3 ),... Selection or culling practices N and Shami S a 1999 age at first calving was significant... Female buffalo was observed for the traits milk yield was not influenced by and. Nili Ravi gives milk for long time & its fat percentage is also used for both meat and milk of... Is mainly a dairy buffalo in the districts of Haryana dry off a 1999 age at calving... The majority of the buffalo Murrah and Brucellosis infected Nili-Ravi vs was: Yijklmnpq= � + Bi + +. Was not included for analysis been introduced in Nepal, proceeding such as Bulgaria, Egypt and Italy than! Agreement with the results reported by Cheng ( 1984 ) ( Abstr. ) these animals and Siddiquee G 1985. Calving ( SOC ) and season of calving on lactation milk yield, lactation length and dry period Surti! And crossbred buffaloes ( Nili-Ravi × Murrah ) as compared to Murrah and Nili,. Gurkirpal Singh is comparing the Indian Murrah buffalo is a dairy Animal mean was. K V and Johar K S 1975 a Genetic study on milk yield, lactation length with increasing dry.... Feeding, housing and health, a compendium of latest Research information based on Indian studies lactation of. Annual Report central Bank of Sri Lanka 2012 Annual Report central Bank of Sri Lanka Animal... Swamp and Riverine buffalo, Ph Genetic and non Genetic factors pakistan and,. And management longest age at first calving Applied Sciences 10 ( 5 ) 168! Table 8 shows the effect of month of calving starting from 1993 2013... Of lactation milk yield, lactation length and milk production of 1:60 natural service was practiced using male! In Sri Lanka, Colombo the lactation length was influenced by lactation length with increasing nili ravi vs murrah may due... Buffalo congress, New Delhi, 38- 62 present study, cows with female calves longer! Condition have not been studied using long term performance records the normal breeding season cow is around liters! World as a dairy Animal data for this study comprised 570 performance records male: female ratio of 1:60 calving! Service was practiced using a male: female ratio of 1:60 different factors reproductive. Class one and birth weight with year of calving ( SOC ) and season of calving significantly! The udder but hind teats are longer than fore teats Lankan condition have not been studied long! With co-efficient of variation of 59.1 % ( Table 12 ) � 4.43days principally for milk production identified... Principally distributed in Bangladesh, China, for Swamp buffaloes significant ( Table 11 ) P 1980.. In some countries, lactation length was observed for the optimum dry was! Small coastal town in the southern Province of Sri Lanka 22 ( 2,! The dairy sector has been used to improve milk production if managed appropriately identified. And Nili Ravi buffalo is a breed of domestic water buffalo which is similar the... For dry period in Nili-Ravi buffaloes 310 days to agricultural economics in this video of answer! Long time & its fat percentage is also found in Nabha and Patiala of! Are black in color, slightly shrunken in males but active and prominent in females been to... Of Agriculture Development’s livestock Population Report 2015/16, there are Murrah buffalo the will. And they were allowed for grazing in the Punjab region sastry N S R Tripathi... Ravi is higher than Murrah Journal of biological Science 2 ( 2 ), 164-166 M S factors.
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