On June 22, 1948 the HMT Empire Windrush, carrying over a thousand passengers, docked in Tilbury Harbour, Essex, England. Abridged from Windrush - A Celebration by Mike Phillips. There were 684 males over the age of 12, alongside 257 females of the same age. Many then moved into rented houses and rooms in the Brixton and Clapham areas, working for employers such as the National Health Service or London Transport. The day is named after the Empire Windrush, a ship that docked near London in 1948 carrying the first cohort of migrants from the Caribbean who … 5th July, 1948. But alongside the conflicts and the discrimination, another process was taking place. If it hadn't been for the Second World War, the Windrush and her passengers might not have made the voyage at all. She was the Empire Windrush, a ship that was originally part of Nazi Germany’s fleet before being captured and repurposed by the British. Article. They were invited by Britain to assist with post-war reconstruction. Explore 1,027 individual landing cards representing each passenger who arrived on the MV Empire Windrush at Tilbury docks on 22 June 1948. The ship - full name HMT Empire Windrush - was originally a German passenger liner given to the UK as war reparation in 1945. To be British in the present day implies a person who might have their origins in Africa, the Caribbean, China, India, Greece, Turkey or anywhere else in the spectrum of nations. In 1948, Britain was just beginning to recover from the ravages of war. Written to accompany the BBC Windrush season, Summer 1998. Perhaps unsurprisingly, the most popular destination recorded by passengers from the Caribbean was London - 296 people gave the city as their planned place of residence. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Windrush generation: Who are they and why are they facing problems? The SS Empire Windrush arrived at Tilbury docks on 22 June 1948 carrying passengers from the Caribbean. Windrush Landing! The most noted occupation, though, was "HD" - or "housing domestic" - meaning a housewife, servant or cleaner. June 22nd 1948, the day that the Windrush discharged its passengers at Tilbury, has become an important landmark in the history of modern Britain; and the image of the Caribbeans filing off its gangplank has come to symbolise many of the changes which have taken place here. At that time, there were no immigration restrictions for citizens of one part of the British Empire moving to another part. L’Empire Windrush débarqua le 22 juin 1948 à Tilbury, près de Londres, avec 492 immigrants des Caraïbes à son bord. The ‘Windrush generation’ The arrival of Empire Windrush in Britain in June 1948 was a landmark event that marked the beginning of post-war mass migration and one that would change Britain’s social landscape forever – the image of West Indians filing off the ship’s gangplank is often used to symbolise the beginning of modern British multicultural society. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Interestingly, 109 passengers didn't give any address, perhaps indicating they had no fixed plan on arrival. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. When you have more than six you have a party.". Windrush generation: Who are they and why are they facing problems? Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. According to the RAF, dozens of the Caribbean passengers were also RAF airmen returning from leave or veterans re-joining the service. The Windrush 70th Anniversary celebrates the pioneering, Windrush generation that came to Britain. Getty. One misty morning in June 1948 a former German cruise boat, the Empire Windrush, steamed up the Thames to the Tilbury Dock, London, where she disembarked some 500 hopeful settlers from Kingston, Jamaica: 492 was the official figure, but there were several stowaways as well. 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