Scientific Name and Authority English Common Name Pest Type Directive; Achatina achatina L. giant west African snail: ... powdery pear aphid: Insect: D-95-08: Aphanostigma piri (Cholodkovsky) pear phylloxera: Insect: D-95-08: ... Tomato black ring nepovirus (TBRV) tomato black ring virus: Virus: D … Common name Scientific name Common hosts Comments; Green apple aphid. Maize aphid, corn leaf aphid, green corn aphid. ... Scientific Name Common Name Classification Enemy Type Reliability Index Aphids are rapid reproducers so many generations can infest the same plant, which makes controlling their … Wings may or may not be present. Tomato: Tomato plants infected with CMV in the early stages are yellow, bushy and considerably stunted. cotton aphid; Other Scientific Names. Ferrisia virgata, striped mealybug MEALYBUG; Fiorinia fioriniae, avocado scale SCALE Franklinella schultzei, yellow flower thrips THRIPS Frankliniella bondari, tuberose thrips THRIPS; Frankliniella occidentalis, western flower thrips THRIPS Frankliniella shultzei, yellow flower thrips THRIPS Frankliniella williamsi, corn thrips THRIPS Nymphs (immature stages) are young aphids, they look like the wingless adults but are smaller.They become adults within 7 to 10 days. Worldwide. With offspring production at more than 70 nymphs per female, the population density may increase very rapidly. It feeds on perennial herbs, potato buds, lettuce inside glass houses, tomato and cabbage. Botanical Desciption Scientific Name: Solanum lycopersicum L. Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae 3. The cultivated tomato was brought to Europe by the Spanish in the sixteenth century and later introduced from Europe to southern and eastern Asia, Africa and the Middle East. It feeds on buds and the lower surfaces of leaves. Name: Potato Aphid. Tomato was introduced to cultivation in the Middle East around the end of the 18th century. Garden aphids, also known as plant lice, include many different species in the Aphidoidea insect family.Aphids are very small–roughly 1/10th of an inch long. Damage : Feeding by nymphs and adults of the tomato russet mite Aculops lycopersici causes Leafy vegetables are affected by a number of garden pests. This article will help. A female reproduces up to 100 aphids. In 2008 the country ranked 5th in the world with 9.2 MT of tomatoes produced. Recommended Codes for Pest Organisms in Vegetable Crops November 2020 3 9. Zack Snipes, ©2015, Clemson Extension They can be released on specific plants that are infested for direct application or released as adults to establish in the garden. In late spring after a generation on the winter host, aphids move to summer hosts. Their mouth parts pierce plant tissue and they suck the life out of leaves and stems when in large numbers. Recommended Codes for Pest Organisms in Vegetable Crops August 2020 2 5. The tomato plant produces yellow flowers, which can develop into a cyme of 3–12, and usually a round fruit (berry) which is fleshy, smoothed skinned and can be red, pink, purple, brown, orange or yellow in color. Aphis pomi: Apple, pear, hawthorne, cotoneaster : Leaf curl plum aphid. Many species bear a common or scientific name that indicates their favourite host plant, either for food or for raising their offspring, or to some of their distinctive characteristics. Aphis bauhiniae Theobald, 1918; Aphis circezandis Fitch, 1870 Aphids can be serious plant pests and may stunt plant growth, produce plant Aphis gossypii: melon aphid: APHIDS: Aphis middletonii: erigeron root aphid: APHIDS: Hyperomyza lactucae: an aphid: APHIDS: Lipaphis erysimi Cucumis melo (Melon) Scientific name English common name Code Viruses Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus Cucumber green mottle CGMMV Cucumber mosaic virus Cucumber mosaic CMV Cucumber vein yellowing virus Cucumber vein yellowing CVYV Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Cucurbit yellow … A hand lens is needed to see these mites. In lettuce, butterhead varieties are mostly moderately to highly resistant to the aphid whereas crisphead varieties are susceptible. melon aphid. Tomato potato psyllid eggs are yellow and attached to leaves by a thin short stalk. In autumn, the aphids switch from host plant and reproduce sexually. Lacewing eggs are laid on a tomato and will help control aphid populations once they hatch. In spring and summer, the population consists of viviparous females with an asexual reproduction cycle. The development of new offspring starts immediately after an aphid is born. Distribution. Members of the Aphid family, Potato Aphids are voracious plant suckers. Scientific Name. Preferred Scientific Name. The crop is now by far the largest vegetable crop in Egypt. common name: podocarpus aphid (suggested common name) scientific name: Neophyllaphis podocarpi Takahashi (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Introduction - Distribution - Description and Biology - Hosts - Damage - Symptoms of Damage - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Melon or cotton aphid. Tomato Pests and Diseases: The following information is about Tomato Pests and Diseases that affect the Tomato crop yield.. The leaves may show a mottle similar to that caused by Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV). Eggs are very tiny, shiny-black, and are found in the crevices of bud, stems, and barks of the plant.Aphids usually do not lay eggs in warm parts of the world. Even if tomato insect damage is nominal, the pests themselves often are vectors for disease. Three dark lines run down its back. Aphids hibernate as eggs. It has a long slender pair of tail-like appendages (cornicles). TIP: psyllids often waggle their abdomen and will hop when touched. Potato aphid eggs are laid on wild rose (Rosa spp.). Common Name: Green peach aphid Scientific Name: Myzus persicae (Sulzer) Order: Homoptera Description: Green peach aphids are small, usually less than 1/8 inch long. The tobacco aphid is similar and can be either red or green. Aphis gossypii. Similar species . Disease Resistance Abbreviation Guide DEFINITIONS (AS OUTLINED BY THE INTERNATIONAL SEED FEDERATION) Susceptibility is the inability of a plant variety to restrict the growth and/or development of a specified pest. Host range : Tomato, chilli and capsicum. Scientific name : Aculops lycopersici. Description of adult : Russet mites are 0.15-0.2 mm long and 0.05 mm wide. In tropical, sub-tropical, and temperate regions. In a study on tomatoes, it was shown that the aphids preferred smooth to hairy leaves and that susceptible tomato plants had higher sucrose, lower quinic acid and higher alanine and tyrosine levels. It is unusually resistant to summer heat for an aphid. Figure 2. Common name Black bean aphid Scientific name Aphis fabae species group Plants affected A very wide range including broad, French and runner beans, nasturtium, dahlia, philadelphus, viburnum and euonymus Main cause A black sap-sucking insect Timing April-August Read on to learn about the most common insect pests of leafy vegetables, their prevention, control, and … ... aphid wings are held above the body. Aphid, (family Aphididae), any of a group of sap-sucking, soft-bodied insects (order Homoptera) that are about the size of a pinhead, most species of which have a pair of tubelike projections (cornicles) on the abdomen. Worldwide. Potato aphid is a common aphid pest of tomato. Your email address will not be published. Rhopalosiphum maidis. Beta vulgaris (Table beet and Swiss chard) Scientific name English common name Code Viruses Beet curly top virus Beet curly top BCTV Beet necrotic yellow vein virus Rhizomania BNYVV Bacteria Resistance is the ability of a plant variety to restrict the growth and/or development of a specified pest and/or the damage it causes when compared to susceptible […] Melon aphid occurs in tropical and temperate regions throughout the world except northernmost areas. Scientific name ... 3-4 mm, and has green (sometimes rose) colour. Although similar in size, about 1/8 inch, these aphids vary in appearance. History and Origion Tomato has its origin in the South American Andes. Common Name. Adults are small, 1 to 4 mm long, soft-bodied insects with two long antenna that resemble horns. There are many aphids attacking a wide range of crops; Aphis gossypii, described here, is common in Pacific island countries. The aphid overwinters in greenhouses or interiorscapes and can be introduced to colder regions. Scientific name . The body varies in color from pink to green with three darker stripes down the back and the head supports long antennae and red eyes. Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Other common names . • The new leaves are also greatly reduced in size and wrinkled, are yellowed between the veins, and have margins that curl upward, The potato aphid is pear-shaped and may be solid pink, green and pink mottled, or light green with a dark stripe. What about the aphid’s life cycle? Aphis gossypii Glover, 1877; Preferred Common Name. Their most common colors are green and black, though brown, reddish-brown, and gray aphids inhabit some parts of the country. The most characteristic symptom of CMV is filiformity or shoestring-like leaf blades ( Figures 4H and 5 ). The tomato plant can grow 0.7–2 m (2.3–6.6 ft) in height and as an annual, is harvested after only one growing season. Distribution. infect tomato test plants, producing typical disease symptoms. So, for example, Hyadaphis coriandri prefers coriander, the cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii) prefers cotton, the black peach aphid (Brachycaudus persicae) prefers peach and so on. The generation time can be less than seven days under favorable conditions, and it can produce up to 60 generations per year. ... tomato, Solanum lycopersicum ; watermelon, Citrullus lanatus; Host damage . Common Name. Tomatoes are one of the most cultivated crops, Tomato crops can be easily grown under proper conditions and regular maintenance.Tomato crops can host of production problems and pathogens when conditions and maintenance are not ideal. GREEN PEACH APHID SCIENTIFIC NAME: Myzus persicae (Sulzer) CLASS: Insecta ... to dark green or pink, with red eyes. Aphids, also known as plant lice are soft-bodied, sucking insects.They feed on plant sap and excrete a sugary honeydew that attracts ants and creates the conditions for sooty mold, a type of fungus (saprophytic) that feeds on decaying organic matter. Leave a comment Cancel reply. Brachycaudus helichrysi: Plum, prune: Curls leaves, goes to Asteraceae in summer: Mealy plum aphid. So, it is imperative that you recognize tomato insect damage and learn about treating pests on tomatoes. Scientific Name. common name: melon aphid or cotton aphid scientific name: Aphis gossypii Glover (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Distibution - Life Cycle and Description - Host Plants - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Distribution (Back to Top). Both green peach aphid and potato aphids have a wide summer host range, including many vegetables (e.g., spinach, lettuce, cabbage, tomato) and weeds (e.g., lambsquarters, pigweed). [11] Symptoms: • The new growth of plants with tomato yellow leaf curl has reduced internodes, giving the plant a stunted appearance.
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